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Fibroids & Polyps Overview

Fibroids and polyps are benign (non-cancerous) uterine growths —tissue enlargement in a woman's uterus. While they may be benign, they can also cause problems such as infertility or recurrent miscarriage.


Fibroids are masses of tissue that start from the uterine muscle and then grow into the cavity, within the wall, and push outward toward the uterus.

There are four kinds of fibroids:

  • Intramural fibroids are the most common and grow inside the wall of the uterus.
  • Subserol fibroids grow outside the uterine cavity.
  • Submucous (submucosal or intracavitary) fibroids grow inside the uterine cavity.
  • Pedunculated fibroids grow on a stalk and develop either in the uterus or outside the uterus

Health care providers may call fibroids: tumors, leiomyomas or myomas. These masses are not cancerous and do not require treatment unless they are causing problems, such as pelvic pain, bleeding or heavy or uncomfortable menstrual periods.

The fibroid that grows inside the uterine cavity (intracavitary) is much less common than other types. Any type of fibroid can impact reproductive function and may cause infertility or miscarriage.

It is estimated that as many as 1 in 5 women of childbearing age have uterine fibroids. They are most often found in women over age 30, are rarely seen in women under 20 and are more common in African-Americans than Caucasians.

Although it is not known what causes uterine fibroids, they seem to require the hormone estrogen to grow. A fibroid will probably continue to slowly grow as long as the female is menstruating. At the onset of menopause, when hormone levels drop, fibroids are likely to shrink or disappear.

Curious to see the effect Fibroids are having on your fertility, read Are Fibroids Contributing to Your Infertility? to find out more information.


Cervical polyps are small, fingerlike growths, similar to a wart or skin tag, that are found on the cervix. They are common and are most often found in women over age 20 who have had children. Young women who have not yet started menstruating rarely have polyps.

A woman can have one or several polyps. Although they are usually not cancerous, all polyps should be evaluated by a an Ob/Gyn or fertility doctor. Polyps are easy to remove and do not usually grow back.

The cause of cervical polyps is not clearly understood. They might develop from an infection, chronic (long-term) inflammation, or an obstruction or any alteration in blood vessels in the cervical canal. Researchers believe polyps may also be an abnormal response to an increase in estrogen levels.

Many polyps do not interfere with the ability to get pregnant. However, large or multiple polyps can sometimes cause problems with fertility or result in recurrent miscarriage.

If you're experiencing recurrent miscarriages or suspect an infertility condition, you should consider consulting with a fertility specialist. To locate a doctor near you, feel free to request the assistance of one of our Patient Care Coordinators by calling us toll-free at 855-955-2229 or submitting a form to us . We're happy to help you schedule a consultation.



Has anyone ever had a uterine polpy come out on its own. I think I found what I think was a polyp this morning..

The question I have is can a polyp come out of uterus on its own.
What does it look like?

Thank you,Kathy

I'm scheduled for surgery on Tuesday to have a mirena implanted as they could not remove my fibroids last time. Just yesterday I had a heap of bleeding and a pink odd looking pear shape thing, approx 4cm long and about 1cm think come out. Has anyone else had this and is it the fibroid ?

I knew I had one but hadn't had it removed yet the other night in be I had cramps an when I sat up it went pop like my water breaking I am past menopause so knew it weren't that I had blood and clots called the dr and said it prob popped and I may be lucky now and not need it removed scarey as heck

hi, i'm not much help in the matter, but i think i have the same problem. my doc found a large polyp in my uterus about 6 weeks ago and i'm supposed to go for the surgery in 2 weeks. but now i feel like it may be gone. i had been spotting between periods for months and have had my period lasting about 9 days, 5 of which were heavy flow. the last two months i have had normal 4-5 day periods and no spotting, plus, i found a huge clot (what i thought at the time was a clot, but maybe it was the polyp). these websites give very little info about them disappearing, mostly just about the symptoms of them being there. i really don't want to have surgery if i don't need to. fortunately, i have adoc appt on friday to fill out the paperwork. i'll mention this to my doc and see what happens. have you had any other responses? thanks!

hi, in response to the lady who said that you felt like your polyp was gone: i had two huge polyps removed in March. They caused me to spot between periods, but not between EVERY period. Sometimes midcycle I was fine; other cycles I would spot for about a week. I read that most polyps move around and a small number stay put where they are, but I've never heard of them going away on their own.

After having the uterine emobilization procedure, I changed my diet. From March til Nov, I stopped eating chicken, beef and pork. My cycle got less heavy each month, the days lessened and I was thrilled. Holidays, I thought to test things out. I ate everything that I wanted. Jan 2011, I ate chicken wings for the first time; threw my entire system off, cycle became 8 days long. Stopped eating the chicken wings, cycle was fine next month. Research leads to believe and there are some articles on internet regarding chicken are injected under the wing; therefore, hormones are concentrated in the wing. Diet change includes fresh fruit and vegetable smoothies, eat chicken breast, fish, fish, and more fish , cleanse kidney and colon by drinking herbal teas. Do your research, our meat being injected with steroids and hormones are causing tremendous weight issues, organs growing faster than, more pressure on the heart. We have got to take control of our bodies and not wait for the gov't or anyone else; EAT HEALTHIER....
Oh yeah, after changing these habits in your life, yes they may dislodge themselves from the wall of the uterus. Mine did, look like a piece of chicken with some fat on it. It literally pushed out my tampon wheb I discovered what it was. Read: Queen Afua's book, Sacred Women, it contains sacred bathes, etc, which I utilized.

My daughter recently had some polyps removed from the inside of her uterus. According to the information provided on your web site; it looks as though this condition occurs most often in the cervix. Is it unusual to have presented in the uterus? Also, is it likely she may have this happen again? She is 32 and has not yet had children.
Julie Kruger

Hi Julie,

It's not unusual to have polyps in the uterus. They attach onto the endometrial tissue. I had two polyps removed from my uterus at the age of 32, 2 months ago (I just turned 33 and my husband and I will be TTC very soon). They could come back again although the cause is not exactly known.

I was recently diagnosed with fibroids, at least one of which is very large, 8 cm. My options are to wait and watch as I have few symptoms, partial hysterectomy or uterine ablation. I feel like I have some little alien in me slowly growing, and I want it OUT!!! But I am not sure if surgery would be the right option either. The ablation will shrink it, but not get rid of it or prevent it from recurring. Eve3ryone is telling me the hysto is my best bet. Any ideas or suggestions? Would greatly appreciate input

I have fibroids and did the ablation surgery. After the surgery I had discharge for a month as expected. Two weeks after it stopped I started up with a 7 day period again. My hysterectomy is coming up in a week.....The ablation surgery only hurt for a few days post op. Pain is relative...after having 3 kids I wouldn't say that I was "in pain" after that surgery! Mildly uncomfortable at best.

Hey there! Changing our diets has everything to do with these aliens going inside our bodies and what is the difference between the afrikan american woman's body versus the caucasian woman's body. It is our diet for starters. We have got to remove some of these meats from our diets, such as, chicken. Chickens are given hormones and steroids for growth and it results in more money being made if the product is growing faster. There are some natural things you can do, check out the book "Sacred Woman", cut meat out of the diet, except fresh water fish, cod, tilapia. Eat fruit and vegetables as your main source of nutrition, cut out the dairy milk and cheese which assist in mucus building, drink seed milk (hemp milk). We have got to take control of our own wombs and stop feeding ourselves the poisons. You don't think it's strange that more women are having hysterectomies than ever. This is genecide for the afrikan american female's womb, evidently.
Since, I had the emobilization procedure, which blocks the arteries to the uterus, my cycles have gotten better, along with me, becoming a fish eating vegetarian and taking a tablespoon of black strap daily in a cup of hot tea or coffee. This rebuilds the blood from lost thereof. I feel much better and my blood test scores have been great. No more low hemaglobin scores of 4 and 6. Check out the book...............Sacred Woman...................Queen Afua

I believe you! I have just been dx with fibroids last month. 2 fibroids are disrupting my life and I want them gone. I will get that book also. Im an african american woman and I want kids later but now I 've got to reevaluate my diet and lifestyle to get better. I will definitely go this route and surgery is just not an option for me. It so disturbing about the chicken yet ironic. I have not eaten red meat in years but chicken--yes! I wonder if doctors are not telling us the real and true remedy. Remember at one point in time, hysterectomies were the only prescription..hmmm. I'd like to stay in touch.

Eating healthy is definitely a balancing act that involves eating the right foods in the right quantity. While certain generalities can be made from epidemiological studies and trends, biology is great in that nutritional requirements vary somewhat for each person based on underlying differences in genetics and environment. It really does not matter the food or ingredient, consuming too much of one item can often lead to bad things happening (ex. eating lots of ice cream, sugar and fat leads to obesity, while a straight protein diet can lead to issues with uric acid, ketosis and other anomalies). This is why a balanced meal of grains, dairy, meat, vegetables, fruit and water is the best meal. Now to my area of specialty…
Meat is a source of protein, vitamins and fat. Depending on the type of meat that is consumed, fat intake can be an issue. Poultry meat (chicken and turkey) is healthier than red meat due to the larger proportion of white muscle fibers (i.e. the breast meat) and lower fat content. Chickens are absolutely NOT injected with or fed hormones, as it is not only illegal to do so as outlined by the FDA-CVM, but also physically impossible given the billions of broilers (i.e. meat type bird) that are produced each year; this holds true for egg laying chickens and turkeys. The degree of growth rate in broilers (meat type chickens) is a genetic trait that is selected for under commercial conditions. The lines that are selected are pedigreed so that the traits can be preserved and propagated (i.e. offspring). About 20 years ago, it took a broiler 12 or so weeks to grow from the size of an egg (42 grams) to 2.5 lbs (1,133 grams). Intense selection for efficient growth has allowed the modern broiler to easily grow to 5.5 lbs (2,500 grams) in about 6 weeks. While the feed they consume has become better balanced in terms of nutrients, no hormones were used to develop or grow these birds. So the notion that hormones are being injected and/or fed is 100% misinformation that a vegetarian and/or some animal rights group has put into the media to scare those that do not know a whole lot about livestock or agriculture.
Nutrition is a valid and great area of study that is influenced by genetics and environment. Unfortunately, there is a lot of noise on the periphery from those that dabble in the area and speak in marketing terms so as to confuse the masses and sell products. The key is to eat a balanced diet, possibly consult a licensed dietician if need be, and not take hold of fad diets or misinformation that can ultimately do more harm than good. I hope this helps.

What causes polyps on the gall bladder and what can be done to treat them?????

Thanks and have a great day.


I have a question in reference to cervical polyps. I had 2 polyps removed from my uterus 3 years ago. I will be having surgery in 2 weeks to have another polyp removed from my cervic. Reading information from this website. Polyps don't returned? Polyps are normally found in women over 20 who had one or more pregnancies. I've never been pregnant an I'm 40 years young. Is there a study going on that is looking for answers of why they grow and why the reoccur? Also, there are fibroid tumors embedded in my uterus wall (one that is standing out), what is the cause or causes. I had a ablation 3 years ago.

They come due to lack of lentils,green vegetables,water intake daily bases and fruit.apart from this take 1tsp of turmeric powder and corriander in glass of milk daily 2times,take cumin seeds with water,avoid read meat and cafine.fibroids will go.

I have had 4 surgeries in/on my uterus(Nova sur, electra surgery, a scraping, and a pregnancy in the tube). I'm still bleeding and passing clots, pain in my pelvic area, can't stand for short periods,can't sit for short periods,hurts to sleep,get up, walk,and run. My stomach (uterus)sticks out like like I'm 5to6 months pregnant so, I'm seeking a second opinion. I'm positivily 100% sure I need a hysterectomy, I'm not having any more children and I'm 43 years old. I have Polyps on my pelvic.

pray allah . Allah will do everything to everyone. So Allah is the one who is looking after us. Allah make us and Allah will never do a bad thing. So we have to obay him

Hello everyone. Well I am 29 years old. I have had three surgeries to get rid of Polyps in my uterus and in the wall of the uterus. I have been trying to get pregnant for over 10 years. At first it was not as traumatic, because I was so young. So, I always said it was okay maybe I'll get lucky later. I went to a fertility clinic, and was informed that everything was fine and that I should be able to have children. "Just Keep Trying". So, years later my husband and I are like, so worried. It is crazy how we have sex regularly and even on my high fertility days, and nothing yet. I am beginning to feel discouraged. So, I went to the doctor a month ago did a bunch of tests, and I am healthy. However, I am producing too much estrogen. So that may be the cause for the not getting pregnant, and having polyps again. This one is not so big, it is only 2cm. So, I am tired of surgeries, and going through this trying to be a mommy for sooo long now. I am ready to give up. Although, it is not fair to my husband. I don't know what to do at this point of my life. I feel useless, and I am beginning to eat so much do to the stress. HELP!!!!

Has your husband been tested for fertility issues?

I'm not sure when you posted this but don't give up on being a Mommy! Find a doctor that can really help you (they are out there and make all the difference in a positive or negative result in all our health concerns/outcomes). I had one ob/gyn who was so "busy" and "popular" that her assistant wouldn't schedule me for 20 days after I had already been bleeding for over a month. I found this unacceptable no matter how "popular" she was (I'd been going to her for over ten years yet I wasn't important enough to get in for an appt. when I was scared and had a seriously valid concern) so I just found another doctor who has made all the difference. get second, third, fourth opinions if you have to, only you know your body and finding a caring and skilled physician makes all the difference in your outcome, trust me. Don't give up! Be your own healthcare advocate and find a good relationship with an ob/gyn or gyn. You will be a Mommy before you know it if you aren't already!

hi im 20 years old and me and my husband been trying to get pregnant since we got married 2 1/2 years ago since both of us are really young we thought it wouldn't be a problem but tha was not the case we are going to a fertility clinic but is costing us a lot because we dont have insurance i had my HSG and it came good but when i got my sonohysterogram it seems like a have PCOS ....and also a polyp i dont know what to do this week we have an appointment to see what we have to do but the thing is that we are running out of money and i dont know how much is going to cost to remove the polyp does anyone have an idea also my husbands sperm in kind of slow if any one knows a individual insurance that covers it please letme know i live in texas

i get pregnant after 11 years with my husband trying.just relax . pray for it

Do you have a good relationship with God. Hes the answer. Have faith in him. Anything is possible with him. I had the same problem. I turned to him after trying for 15years. Know I have two children and God is in my life. Its never too late. God bless you, have faith.

Hello everyone,

I am having surgery thru the cervics area this Friday to remove two possible polyps and fibroids. I just got married and asked what contraceptives to use. Because of the fibroids and polyps, the doctor shared that I could use a diaphram, but not the IUD because they help to increase the growth of the fibroids. The pregestin IUD releases pregestin harmone. The OTHER doctor performing the surgery says the opposite regarding the IUD and suggested I use it. I don't want the fibroids and/or polyps to increase, but which is true? Should I get the IUD? Does it cause growth of fibroids and polyps or not?


I have been through many hospitals and seen various Doctors. It has been goin on 2 yrs since I found out, I have an 8cm cyst above my bladder and uterine fibroids. At this point I find myself not knowing what other option to take. I am 26 yrs old I had a miscarriage about 5 yrs ago and am scared to this day I cannot have a baby. I also worry my husband is gonna leave me due to my diagnosis. I want to have children at least 1. I finally have been doing some research of my own. I came across a medication called Fibrovan. I want to know if this really works can someone please help me and give me advice. I could really really use it. Thank You!!!

Is there anyone or does anyone know if there is a relationship between having and IUD (Mirena) and getting polyps? I'm 27 years old, no kids, and had mirena implanted about 6 months ago. Within the last month, I've been bleeding non stop, especially after intercourse. I'm on the hunt for a new doctor considering they have been blowing me off since I've gone there and asked for help and answers to the issues. I've done some research and polyps seemed like the most likely thing. I just hope that its not affecting my fertility.

please help me. I have a very big firbriod. I had two miscarriages. Can I ever become pregnant without surgery? I'm 36 years old. What treatment should I take?

I'm so sorry to hear about your miscarriages. If you are 36, have fibroids and miscarriages, you should definitely see a fertility doctor, also known as a reproductive endocrinologist. Some of the treatments for fibroids can affect your fertility. So if you are trying to get pregnant, you will want to see a fertility specialist who can determine the best treatment for you. On you can search for a doctor or clinic in your area, by zip code. You can also go to and fill out a form to find a fertility doctor who can help with your situation.

Again, it's important to see a fertility specialist who is experienced in treating fibroids and infertility.

Good luck.

Sorry to hear about your miscarriage. But at 20 years old two fibroids were found, at this time I was pregnant . One year later they removed the fibriods. two years later I gave birth to my daughter naturely. nine years later I got pregnant with my third child. Four weeks into the pregnacy I began to spot, in the hospital the dr. found two large fibriods transvaginal, one on each side of the baby. long story short 5 monthes later he was born., but died 3 hours later. I decided to speak with a fertility specalist. He removed foru of the eight fibriods. ( they come back) a year later we had our fourth child. But we had to have a c-section. four years later another pregnancy. All of this to say fibriod do not have to ruin your chances of motherhood. Help is out their. Today at 46 years old I have 9 fibriods I live with every day. So to myomectomies later ( the removal of fibriods, surgery isnt that bad. My dr. made sure that they didnt cut mucsle. mini tummy tuck) My children ages 24, 19, 10 and 6 Wonderful large family. Theres always hope!

I had my polyps removed about 5 months ago, but ever since the surgery my period has gotten shorter and lighter, is that normal?

Thanks for the question, but it's really one for your doctor. Every situation is unique. If you are trying to get pregnant, you should be seeing a fertility doctor as opposed to your gynecologist - and he or she will want to know your complete medical history, including info about your period an info about your polyps and surgery. I'm sorry to not be able to give you more info, but you should really speak with your doctor about this.


i am 40 yrs old and i have 6cm n 5cm is very painful at times because it`s resting on my pelvix.what is the best treatment for me.

What us girls don't go through. My Lord.

I was diagnosed with a uterine polyp and a fibroid via a painful ultrasound which I was getting to see if I could get the NovaSure treatment which I was going to do in the office.

Now doc says I have to have it done in the hospital, and remove the polyp and have the ablation at the same time under sedation.

Should I just get a hysterectomy? Do polyps and fibroids grow back? Should I just eliminate the problem. I don't want to have to go have surgery every year or two. I have heard horror stories. PLUS I don't have health insurance, so appointments thus far I have paid out of pocket. I will have to get insurance if I get a hysterectomy if anyone will cover me.

Any advice?

I have exactly the same issue.. Anyone have an answer?

I have had vaginal polyps removed on three occasions recently but I continue to bleed and have a foul odor. I am 60 years old and had complete hysterectomy 30+ years ago. All biopsies on the polyps have returned negative. How long is this bleeding supposed to last and is there anything more that can be done?

I have a 7cm fibroid and trying some Chinese medicine now. I bought a bottle of those little herb pills over the counter. I hope it work. I am going to have a MRI on March 14.

I have fibroids in my uterus it cause me problem,before I had eight of them. The doctor took them out, many years later I have about three of four. last time they smell, this time they let out fumes from my body, and people in church, in stores, in hospital,and anywhere I go it effects them they start cought,sneezeing, eyes, watering, stuffing nose and etc.
Please help me.

hii.i hav a fibroid outside the uterus.i found this out in my first pregnancy.wen my son became 1 year i went for an ultrasound n the dr said that the fibroid is small n wont affect .now my son is 2 years n 4 months and i am expectingmy second child due in oct.i would like to know if this fibroid will affect my pregnancy..

the last scan i made on my fibriod show that it has grow like five months
old baby. i dont want to do any surgery. pls is there any drugs to remove it entirely, thanks

Last year in prep for IVF I had six fibroids removed two large ones on the outside of my uterus, two med size and two on the inside of my uterus. I have been living with them for over 10 years. I have also been a strict vegetarian for 20 years and am also Caucasian, fair complexion, blue eyes (not in high risk group). I do not recommend a hysterectomy for any woman and esp for the reasons of fibroids. The fibroids can be removed make sure you are seeing a Dr that has performed these surgeries several times or perhaps specializes in this type of surgery. Also, I cannot express this enough... there is alot of bleeding in this type of surgery... please for your health and safety make sure you donate your own blood prior to surgery or you are typed and matched and they have your blood type on hand prior to the surgery in case blood should need to be administered. Not to scare anyone - that is why old school Doc's used to take the easy way out and do the hysto. b/c of the risk of bleeding in surgery. However, it can be managed and like I said your blood can be on stand-by. Unlike my first surgery my Dr. encountered fibroids he didnt want to go after on the first surgery but had to get them to get to the uterus. They bleed quite a bit and due to my rare blood type with antibodies there wasnt blood on back-up and I could not be given trauma blood which lead to a hospital stay on an outpatient procedure. It took a few months to heal from the first surgery with IV Iron treatments to bring my blood count back up but we got the rest of the fibroids in the second surgery with plenty of blood on store and didnt need it. I am Fibroid free and happy and healthy. I hope this helps some of you.

i would like to know if is any cure for fibrod, i don't like to get operated before getting the baby am 28 years old please let me know any information you have


Hi ...I recently found out that I have a polyep and three fibroids on my uterus. I am scheduled to have surgery next month to have the polyep removed. I was also going to have the nova sure done but just found out from ultra sound that the lining of my wall is too thin so I can't have the nova sure done. I have been bleeding for the past seven weeks. Is there any other procedures that can be done to help with the heavy/prolonged bleeding?

any one i am 40yo i just had a d&c very painful my dr. said it went well and removied all my fibroids i left the hosiptal in pain and stayed in pain on the 8th day i could not take the pain any longer so i went to the er advised by my dr. come to find out i still have fibroids and a cist on one overey and a large degeneration fibroid on the other which is dying off from the in side out(like what the****)i am still in pain and dr. are telling me they want me to have a full historectormey (again what the****)i have no kids and now i am ready for that they are trying to take that choise away from me ????!!!!!speaking of choise the dr. have not yet giving me any choies for how,what,when or even why so i am scared and very sad and now look for another gyn has any one ever i am left in limbo or something now you my ask what was the reason for the D&C because of heavy bleeding and pain but if i knew that there way a posibleity of this i would have never i and my only complant was bottom line pain management i was ok with the heavy bleeding that was normal for me anyway as i search of answers here and everywhere i am in off the chart pain where i now have a home nurse with me intill i can find help well thanks for reading .......

Hi. I'm diagnosed vd fibroid. I hv heavy bleeding nd killing pain during my menstruations. I'm takin homeopathy medicines for it from last 2-3 months bt stil nt cured. Wat r the odr treatments and wat can be the consequences. I'm really vry mch afraid that whether I can have babies or not. Pls guide me.

I am suffering from a Uterine Fibroid and at the end of my rope! I tried a Lupron Depot injection, which cost me pretty much all of the money that I had and it only seems to have made things worse. I was at first very confident in my Doctor but I am losing that security as my suffering continues to worsen. I am 39 and still hoping for a child, but I am starting to wonder if I should just give up that dream and go for the hysterectomy and end this suffering once and for all. Any advice would be appreciated. Any thoughts on Soy and Fibroids? Any dietary advice would be helpful. I was a vegetarian but had to eat some meat to get my iron back up. Want to go back to veg but I am realizing that EVERYTHING has soy in it! Needing advice and encouragement!

I have been going thru for awhile with what is yet ynknow. I hope and pray that someone out there is going to be familiar with what i am going thru. I have been bleeding, with heavy discharges and clots. My periods last mor then 8 to 9 days even then I hve to still where a pad do to the discharges.. the colors very.. Ive luk'd it up and it appears to be symptoms of cancer. Altho when I went for a chk up the 1st time they cld get no pap beit the blood; the second time a no go beit sumthing was blocking my uterous. Needless to say i am going thru a variety of emotions sad, angry, depressed etc.. i was told not to worry could be jus a fibriod?? hmm I am not working and not insured.. My appointment was scheduled with specialist 14 july. I am out of breath and light headed all the time altho i do try to take iron.. Has anyone been thru this type of situation that can offer information. Please do not say it does sound like cancer>>>>

I recently went to my OB for a routine exam after the birth of baby # 6. I have never been told that I had any polyps. She informed me that I do have a cervical polyp. She said that she could remove it, but it wasn't necessary. Now I am reading that they should be removed and evaluated. Should I call my OB/GYN to have it removed? Also, what are the chances that it will cause fertility issues? We use natural family planning and would be just fine stopping at 6! But I would hate for this polyp to cause me to have a miscarriage. Thanks for any info!


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