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Miscarriage

A miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy. Miscarriage occurs in 15 percent to 20 percent of pregnancies, usually during the first 13 weeks, and sometimes before you even realize you are pregnant. If you had three or more miscarriages, you are considered to have recurrent pregnancy loss.

A miscarriage is a heartbreaking event, and the emotional issues involved can be severe. But there is hope. Even women who have multiple miscarriages still have a 60 percent to 70 percent chance of having a successful pregnancy.

What Causes a Miscarriage?

Although a miscarriage can be caused by a number of things, the exact cause may never be identified.

The risk for a miscarriage increases with age. (Your eggs get older too.) If you are under 35, you have a 15 percent chance of miscarriage, but if you are over 45 your chance of having a miscarriage goes up to 50 percent.

Genetic problems with the embryo account for more than half of miscarriages in the first 13 weeks of pregnancy; chromosomal issues prevent the fetus from developing properly and surviving. Genetic problems happen by chance and have nothing to do with either parent. Although this type of miscarriage is unlikely to happen more than once, the chance increases with age.

Hormonal problems may also cause a miscarriage. If you do not produce enough progesterone during the luteal phase of your period, the endometrial lining of your uterus may be too thin for an egg to attach and grow.

Polyps or fibroids in the uterus can interfere with the implantation of the fertilized egg. Uncontrolled diabetes, an underactive thyroid gland, or infections can also lead to a miscarriage. If you smoke, use illegal drugs, or drink a lot of alcohol, you increase your risk of miscarriage.

What Does Not Cause Miscarriage and Pregnancy Loss?

It is important not to blame yourself for a pregnancy loss. You do not increase your risk of miscarriage by exercising, working, having sex, or lifting heavy objects. Morning sickness, even if it is severe, does not increase your risk.

Even if you fall, are hit, or injured, you are unlikely to miscarry unless the injury is so serious it threatens your own life.

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Comments

What is a chemical pregnancy?

Hi Marlene --
A chemical pregnancy is basically when the egg and sperm meet but are never really meant to grow into a pregnancy. Your body may be making hCG (thus a positive preg test) but there was just not the right conditions for a pregnancy. It's another term for what is basically a very very early miscarriage.

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Need help with our site? Contact me at claire@fertilityauthority.com. I'm happy to help!

hello my name is rosie and i would just like to ask a question! I had a miscarriage bout 3 month ago how long will it take for me to be pregnant agian and is it safe to start trying me and my partner are also wondering what we can do to help this not happen again x thanx x

You should wait 6 mos min is what my doc told me after my miscarriage

I had a miscarriage at 6 weeks pregnant. My dr. told me to wait three months to start trying again to allow my body to get back to a normal menstrual cycle and time to recoop. It just so happens on that in my third month I found out I am pregnant again and am now at 15 weeks 2days. All is well with this pregnancy so far. I just wanted to share my story because as much as it looks like there is no light at the end of the tunnel when you are going through a miscarriage there really is hope. just keep positive

I had a chemical Pregnancy in 2010 and now in 2014 I had miscarriage at 20 weeks could something be wrong with me . I didn't fall I have been taking my Prenatal Pills as directed . the only thing is I work 12 hours a day for 6 days due to the nature of my job but am sitting down most of the time so I really cant figure out what could be wrong with me some one please help me or refer me to a dr in Miami that would be able to help me .

I'm so, so sorry for your losses. We can absolutely recommend a doctor near you to help you determine why you have miscarried. Please call or email our Patient Care Advocates at 855-955-2229 or carecoordinator@fertilityauthority.com. Best, Claire

I had a D&C done last year after I began miscarrying. Since then my almost like clock-work cycles have become shorter and more irregular. Is it possible that the procedure had something to do with this change? I am approaching my 35th birthday and am also fearful that my age may have something to do with it.

I am 32yrs old and had the same problem after having a D&C last July. Before the D&C I was 28 days on the dot. After, I went to 30, then 35, then 32, etc. Once I started fertility drugs (clomid) my cycle went back to normal.

can i get pregnant if i'm not having a period? i've been pregnant b4 and i misscarried. after that i stopped having a period.

no you can not the best thing to do is to go see your dr and tell him so he can see whats going on because if your not having a period that means your not ovulating if your not ovulating then you cant get pregnant

I got pregnant with my now 3 yewrd old daughter and had nor had a period in a year, you can still ovulate with out a period, just like you can get yoyr period every month like clock work and not be ovulating, I used opks temping and watched my cervicql mucus, y8u should go talk to your doctor though

I had a D&C done 2 weeks ago and me and my boyfriend want to know when can we start try to have another baby and can I get pregnant right now .

I'm 36 years old. This is the 5th pregnancy for my husband and I. There have been 4 miscarriages at 8 to 9 weeks over a 6 year period. The only option my doctor offers is a baby asprin daily and suppositories. None of this has worked. Is there any type medical procedure that can be done early on in my pregnancy to prevent a miscarriage? Please help me.

You need to tell your Dr to make you an appointment to have stitches as soon as you find out your pregnant this is so that you will not miscarry because it is at n early stage. You should also be careful in early stage not to lift anything heavy or excersice i know people/Dr's say it is safe but if you are having miscarriage again and again it could mean your womb is loose and you don't want to do anything strenious. I know for myself as I lost my baby at 6 months it has now been 2 years, scince I have had recurrent miscarriage 20 times been Dr's but don't get the support or help I need after having DNC it can loosen the womb because they use a pipe to clean you out and you are not awake to see what kind of damage is being done. I hope this helps as i know how you are feeling.

I am so sorry to hear about your losses. I encourage you to schedule a consultation with a fertility doctor - also known as a reproductive endocrinologist. Many fertility doctors are experienced with miscarriage and recurrent miscarriage (more than three miscarriages) and may have additional information with you. Please keep us posted.

Best,
Claire

Hello I m 26yrs old .I had missed miscarrige .The products of conception retain in uterus .But my docter adviced .I will wait for abortion atleast one month. I worried about my miscarrige and health.

I agree that miscarriage occurs when the woman is not healthy.Also the genetical and hormonal problems may occur miscarriage.I also have heard that miscarriage will effect in the next pregnancy if it is not done properly.If you are over age than there may be risk of miscarriage.

Miscarriages are not entirely due to the mother's heath...the health of the embryo can also be a problem. Sometimes genetic problems, unrelated to the mother's health can be a factor. Sometimes it can be the father's health, the sperm may not have been healthy. 2nd trimester lost may be more likely from the mother's health, but there are some cases that are not. Miscarriages are painful, it has nothing to do with the mother..

I had a misscarriage over a year ago. I have not been able to conceive sence. My misscarriage was not because of natural causes, lets just say I had an aweful relationship. I was 5 months pregnant when it happend. I also have had very heavy menstrual cycles. Could there be something wrong?

i miscarriage in may 2009 and bled till august 2009.ever since then,i have had irregular periods.am trying hard for conception,have had my ovulation induced been on clomid for two cycles but nothing has happen yet.please advise.am so depressed

I am 30 years old and was diagnosed with Hashimoto's disease last year after having 2 miscarriages. I'm not sure but I think I am having a 3rd. I did not take a pregnancy test but this time my period is very much not normal. This will be my 7th day of straight bleeding and nomally I do not go longer than 5 days also I have been having cramps the entire time and I always only have cramps the 1st and 2nd day of my period. How can I know for sure that I have had another miscarriage?

I'm so sorry for your pregnancy losses. If you think you are having a miscarriage - please make an appointment to see your doctor. In addition, since you've experienced more than one miscarriage and you want to have a child, you really should see a fertility doctor - a reproductive endocrinologist. When you make an appointment, ask if he or she has treated other women with Hashimoto's disease or thyroid issues. There is a Find a Doctor search on the top right of every page of FertilityAuthority where you can type in your zip code and find a doctor near you. In addition, you may want to check in on the message boards on www.FertileThoughts.com - where there may be other women experiencing the same issues.

iam 32 and have no children ive had 3 miscarriges in the last 2 years ive had investigations done and have been told i have high hormones but nothing to pin point has anyone got any advice

Hi - I'm so sorry for your losses. My advice for anyone who has had multiple miscarriages is to see a fertility doctor (reproductive endocrinologist) rather than an ob/gyn. These doctors have specialized training, and can help to diagnose the causes of your miscarriages. Also, you may want to visit www.FertileThoughts.com, where you can get support from other women who are in similar situations.

Claire

I recently experienced my third miscarriage in the second trimester. I have Factor V Leiden Mutation and Protein S Defenciency. My first two children were born fullterm, alive and healthy. I experienced two miscarriages in a row at 14 weeks gestation and then I gave birth to another fullterm, alive, healthy child. A few days ago I experienced my third miscarriage at 14 weeks. My doctor says I can try again in another few months after I have 2 cycles. I just wanted to know what my chances are of delivering another fullterm, healthy child?. I have three healthy children and I have lost 3.

I am 31 yrs old and I have had 5 miscarriages. All of them are between 15-18 wks. During the last 2 I have had a cervical cerclage and my body still will go into labor. My doctor has no answers for me and I am so depressed and stressed over finding the answers so I may have a child of my own.

I am so sorry for your losses. Because you had multiple miscarriages you should be seeing a fertility doctor - also known as a reproductive endocrinologist - rather than an ob/gyn. If you already are seeing a fertility doctor, you should consider getting a second opinion. It would be helpful if that doctor has particular experience or expertise in miscarriage. A good place to start is with the Find a Doctor search on FertilityAuthority. In addition, I just posted a video where Dr. Hill, from Fertility Centers of New England, talks about tests that can be done after miscarriage: http://www.fertilityauthority.com/video/what-tests-can-be-done-after-miscarriage. This might provide some good talking points and questions to ask for your doctor's visit.

Claire

I am 5 and 1/2 weeks pregnant. I have broken blood vessels in my uterus. How common is this and what are the chances this will result in a miscarriage?

Hi - This is really a medical question, and I'm assuming your doctor told you about the broken blood vessels. In that case you should really follow up with him or her to get more information about your particular situation. Please let us know.

Claire

I am 33 and at the age of 26 I had my first child no problems. I am RH Negative (O Negative) and she is like her Daddy RH Positive (O Positive). I was given the Rhogam shot while I was pregnant with her and was told that I would need another one after her birth if she was indeed RH Positive. I don't remember getting the shot after she was born. My cousin who is a nurse was in the delivery room and she said that she mentioned it to the nurse after my daughter was born and the nurse replied that they had a certain number of hours to give it to me. Since then in 2006 & 2007 I miscarried with my daughter's daddy. The one in 2007 my doctor's office drew 18 vials of blood checking to find out why I was having misscarriages after having a perfectly normal pregnancy. She said that they have seen people miscarry and then get pregnant but not the other way around. They found nothing wrong in my blood work. I was remarried in 2009 and in November 2009 I found out I was pregnant with my current husband and I miscarried with that child too. I have been told that I probably need to go have another Rhogam shot given. My current husband doesn't know what his blood type is. My above mentioned nurse cousin said that I will probably continue to have miscarriages unless I am with someone who is O Negative just like me unless I get another Rhogam shot.
What do I need to do because my current husband and I would really love to have a child together?

Thanks,
Angela

Angela- i to have a healtu son who is 3 n i just had my 3rd miscarriage last month and the dr keeps tellin me its probly just an unhealty egg/sperm combonation but i cant find anyone around here that will take my insurance to do farther test to find out y we cant have any more kids. And all 4 of my pregnecys have been the same father n he has 2 other boys

I'm 30. I have had 3 miscarriages in a row within a 8 month period. I have 2 beautiful kids, although the last delivery was emergency c-section that resulted in a huge abdominal wall abcess that took 4 months to heal completely. Could the scar tissue in my uterus be the culprit? All the miscarriages were very early most just a few days after my positive urine hcg test. Is there any solution or just keep trying? Is fertility meds an option, maybe if there's a bunch of embryos there's a better chance at least one will stick. It's sad, I don't even get excited when I get pregnant anymore, but I don't get as upset when I miscarry either.

My husband and I conceived last July. At 8 1/2 weeks I had an u/s. Found out I was carrying twins but the one stopped growing at 6 1/2weeks (which is fairly common). The other baby looked great. We saw the heartbeat and everything looked good. When we went in for my 12 week check up the Dr couldn't find a heartbeat. After the second u/s (confirming there was no heartbeat) it should the baby at 8 1/2weeks still. The Dr said I had had a missed miscarriage. I ended up haveing a D&C at the end of Sept.
A few weeks ago we found out I was pregnant again (I took 4 hpt all positive). Just over a week ago I miscarried. I was 5 1/2weeks with this one. I'm guessing it was a chemical pregnancy.

My OB GYN said it was up to me if I wanted him to refer me to a fertility doctor. Am I jumping the gun on this one? Should I wait and see if I have a 3rd miscarriage before seeing a fertility doctor?

First of all, I'm so sorry for your losses. If I was in your shoes, I'd see a fertility doctor. They have advanced training beyond Ob/Gyn, and can provide testing and treatment specific to miscarriage. You can ask your doctor for a referral, or you can use the Find a Doctor search on FertilityAuthority - it's our database of fertility doctors across the country. And when you talk with a fertility doctor, ask what his or her experience is in working with women who have had multiple miscarriages.

Best,
Claire

my name is marthai want to no why i keep on hurting.i have a cyst and a bleed cots in my uters what can i do about that i keep having pain.what to do stop the pain.can you text me back and let me no.

I feel so awful for all of you...and I,like many others that have replied, are truly sorry for your losses...my story is a bit different than all of yours tho...I'm seventeen and my boyfriend and I waited till we were going out for at least a year before we had sex..although we've used condoms every time, the last time we had sex was right after my period ended and I heard thts when ur most fertile and a time tht you are more likely to get an infection from having sex...I know I dnt have much reason to worry because we used a condom and I finished him with a bj and we dont think the condom tore or slipped I'm still worried I might be pregnant..I know there are a lot of shows now about young girls being pregnant but I dnt want to be one of them..pregnancy freaks me out and I must applaud you all for your courage...I dnt think I'll ever want to be pregnant...ichave body isssues and all kinds of stuff...dovyou guys think tht maybe not all women were you know like made for kids? Do u think it's awful tht I would get an abortion if I got pregnant? I know tht it sounds awful...my mom is weary about birthcontrol too so it'll be hard to convince her...I really Love my boyfriend tho and we want to continue to have sex safely...I just wish I could do it without getting paranoid tht I'll get pregnant..ughhcit just makes me cringe...it must be linked to my past or something bc I know it's not exactly normal to feel the way I do..sorry tht I rambled..icjust really wanted someone to talk to,you know?

I am 33 years old and just had my third miscarriage. This is 3 miscarriages in 1 year. This time we found out we were having twins. I think it hurts me that much worse to know that I lost 2 this time. I was told that 1 twin died at 6wks 5days and the other died at 9wks 3days I never bled or anything this time, I had a little back pain but like I said I never tried to pass anything on my own. I can not understand why this keeps happening to me. My husband and I have two sons the oldest age 13 and the youngest age 6 and I am thankful for them but just can not understand why I keep having miscarriages now. I am thinking about having my tubes tied because I do not think I can keep putting myself and my family through this heart breaking pain. I am really torn and do not know what to do. My husband really does not offer any input on my having the surgery because he says it has to be my decision. All of this is tearing me up, I am so depressed. Any thoughts, anyone?

I am so sorry for your losses. There are many counselors you can talk to about miscarriage. Many work with fertility specialists who specialize in recurrent miscarriage. Talk to your Ob-Gyn and ask for a referral, or you could also search for a specialist in the Find a Doctor function on each page of the FertilityAuthority site. I'll be thinking of you, and please check back with us and let us know how it is going. You can email me at: Claire@FertilityAuthority.com.

on 14 dec 2011 i had a D&C done because of the miscarriage. two days later the bleeding stoped and me and my bf had unprotected sex everyday since then.. its 2weeks later and i havent gotten my periods as yet, my breasts are swollen, ive got cravings and im gaining weight, im going to the bathroom 10- more times a day, could i be pregnant? please let me know.

I am 20 years old, actually just turned 20. and I have had miscarriages twice now.. one in Decemeber 2010 and one in Decemeber 2011... no successful pregnancies.. no children before... I am really worried that something is wrong with me. and im scared to death because i think im pregnant again.. I would be ecstatic if we were... but I dont know what im going to do if something happens... my stress level is through the roof... should i be worried? I mean if i only have a 15% chance of a miscarriage and found myself in that horrible percentage twice now... in a row... do i have valid concerns? I am still devastated over the loss of the last one.. OH i was like 6 weeks with the first, and 13 with the second... and we dont know what went wrong. :/

Hi - I'm so sorry to hear about your losses, and it's understandable you are concerned. Did you see a doctor when you had the miscarriages? If so, what did he or she say? I would recommend taking a pregnancy test, and also seeing an ob/gyn or reproductive endocrinologist. If you are pregnant, the doctor can monitor you and talk to you about your concerns of having another miscarriage. If you aren't pregnant, the doctor can talk to you about your previous miscarriages and see if they can identify a problem.

In addition, you might want to log onto our sister site, www.fertilethoughts.com. There are pregnancy loss and miscarriage forums where you can get advice and support from other women who have been in a similar situation.

If you'd like help finding a fertility doctor in your area, I'm happy to help.

I wish you all the best,
Claire

I lost my baby at 20 week last year ad 2 av dc buh kept on bleedin after dey said was retain produts buh happened bout 8 times den i got pregnant agen buh lost very eary do u think i misscaried agen cause of the retain produts an will i ever get pregnant again

I am 22years old on 5th nov 2012 I miscarried and since then I've being having unprotected sex and still cant fall pregnant I dont no what to do

Hi Becks, For women under the age of 35, it could take up to one year to get pregnant. You can also consult your OB-GYN if you have any concerns. Best, Kim

Hi, I am 38 years old and had a 16+ week fetal demise in November of a baby boy. The baby had all testing done and came back normal, as did I. I got pregnant again naturally in March. I just went to my 18 week checkup and found that the heart had stopped beating yet again. The baby was a baby girl and so far all testing on her has come back normal. I am heartbroken and feel I have no where to turn for answers. I am looking for someone who specializes in 2nd trimester losses in the NY/NJ area. Any insight would be greatly appreciated.

Hi Suzanne, I am so sorry to hear of your loss. You should probably consult a reproductive immunologist or a maternal fetal medicine/high risk doctor. Best of luck, Kim

I had my first miscarriage at 16, and since then iv had 2 more. I'm now 18 almost 19 and very worried that I'll be able to carry or have my own child. Any advice please help. And no harsh things please

Hi Amanda, I am so sorry to hear of your losses. You would benefit from consulting a fertility doctor. Give us a call at 1-855-955-BABY (2229) or email carecoordinator@fertilityauthority.com and we will help you connect with a doctor near you. Best, Kim

I had my first m/c in Oct. 2000. Then my husband and I had another m/c in Oct. 2002. We finally had our healthy, beautiful daughter in Feb. 2004. I found out I was pregnant again in Feb. 2013! We lost the baby in Apr. 2013. I have been charting, using ovulation tests, etc. after the d&c. Are my chances of miscarrying again extremely high? I will be 38 this year and my doctor told me to try again, but miscarriages are absolutely heartbreaking ........

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