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When you ovulate, a mature egg is released from the ovary and moves into the fallopian tubes, where it is available to be fertilized. If the egg is not fertilized, the lining of the uterus, which has thickened to prepare for fertilization, will be shed through menstruation.

When Does Ovulation Occur?

Ovulation can occur at different times of a woman’s menstrual cycle, depending on the number of days of the woman’s cycle. The average menstrual cycle
is usually between 28 to 32 days. Women with a 28-day menstrual cycle usually ovulate between days 13 to 15, or about two weeks after the start of her period.

What Happens During Ovulation?

During ovulation, an egg is released from your ovary and is ready to be fertilized. An egg is available for fertilization for only 12 to 24 hours. On the other hand, sperm can live in the body for 3 to 5 days, making most women fertile for around 5 to 7 days. This means you can get pregnant from intercourse that occurred either just before or just after ovulation.

Right before ovulation, you will experience a luteinizing hormone (LH) surge. Your
luteinizing hormone is linked to your ovarian hormone production and egg maturation. Within 24 to 36 hours of your LH surge, your mature egg will be released for fertilization. Your egg will dissolve after around 24 hours if the egg is not fertilized.

Signs of Ovulation

There are several physical ovulation signs that may let you know when you are about to ovulate. Your amount of cervical mucus will increase, and its texture will change to a white, slippery consistency, which is key to creating a healthy environment through which sperm can travel.

Your basal body temperature (BBT) will also rise. Before ovulation, your BBT should be lower. After ovulation, your BBT should increase by around 0.4 degrees Fahrenheit. This increase should be maintained for about 14 days.

Other secondary signs of ovulation, which may not occur consistency in all women, can include light spotting, slight cramping, breast tenderness, abdominal bloating, and increased sex drive.

Read more about ovulation within FertilityAuthority's Ask Dr Fertility resource.


I am a 32yr woman. my 1st marrage went south because, I couldn't have kids. I have taken fertility drugs.. My Dr said that I don't ovulate. I'm over weight and trying to lose. So far I have lost 15lbs. Is there anything I can do? I have taken progesteron. And my Dr. said that my eggs do not drop. I feel like there is nobody, that can answer my question. Why do my eggs not drop? I have a wonderful husband now. He knows about my problem and is supportive. I keep telling my self to just give up, but when I spend time with my nephew, I get the baby blues.

Hi. I think you should try a real fertility dr. Like RBA they are great people. is that the only reason he said you where infertil? i would seek 2nd opinion. find a good fertility clinic and good luck

Iam 29 been trying get pregnant for almost 8 years I been my husband since we 14 years old so we been together 15 years n 8 married. I been having problems since I like 15 with abnormal periods. I end up getting them finally normal again when I was 21 I been trying years I been to infertility doctor my eggs don't grow size they should they dont drop n I don't ovulated either I been on clomid n take shot called crorionic gonado 10k for hcg. It's also substituted for name noraral. They state I can have children but been on same meds for about 4-5 years some times my eggs grow but not lot times my eggs r small most time not size it should b and not dropping. N also take crinone gel vag. App to thinking my liner. It's very stressful I have 3 nieces n 2 nephews n when c them feel same way no one in my family had any problems having kids. I jus sometime wonder why can't I have family I want I also got few got kids when I'm around them break my heart cause I'm good kids n love children n I ask my self why me why am I having so much problems I get ultra sounds done always n everytime tell me after take meds my eggs still small not size they should b but have lot eggs jus growing. I had lost one when I 18 n that last. Time n never got pregnant after that I try every thing do blood work they tell me I have children jus my periods so mess up as child I went months years wit out then n cause me to have infertility problems which should of got taking care of when I child they said with I also have cyst on my ovarys n I try get then removed n every other month put me on bc pill. But that jus stop n hold u back from getting pregnant. They say that help get rid cyst but every other month they grow back n bc stay in system for awhile so stop taking them too! They put me on med to straight out my periods now get then times yes I still b late but still get them almost every month. I'm now 29 n still haven't got pregnant. I'm going thur same thing! As u not dropping n ovulation like a women should. So I keep trying. But now on other meds I got other health problems so if taking any other meds try not take them they can mess up any infertility meds they done me so now gotta get off them they have me taking p. vitamin pill a day n baby Sprain once a day they said it helps cause need all that in your body to keep it health now I'm small girl I weight is about 105 n when I was 125 they say u b to small over weight but know lot ppl still had kids. I'm sorry having problems I know feeling I'm right behind u! But stress yes also cause u not get pregnant my best bet tell u if u are seeing infertiliy doc let them know all health problems I also had friend told her she can't have any kids she try 5-8 years she now got 2 beautiful baby's one girl n one boy. Always go for second depending that's what my nexts step is for me. I wanted then young jus turn 29 b4 gets to late us lady's can menapauls down line n then we won't b able have kids my next step is I'm planning letting then take eggs out n get them pregnant or u always if your insure will cover it have them inject Sprem in utters that told me. It cost lot to do ivf they told me 10,000 n if dont work 1st n wanna do it again u keep paying which suck for price I feel for that amount we should b able5-6 try's for price so try ivf 4 times n fails that's 40,000 I feel pain n hurt I want child my self wish best luck! Hope this helps I no not much but it sound almost as what I'm going thur any more infor u always ask me more I see infertiliy doc.

Sorry, but just read your post. Have you checked out to see if you have thyroid issues. Many times if a women has thyroid issues, there period is irregular. I got mine under control and my period regulated a couple cycles later.

U also email me want to talk more

Hi I had the same problem you should try ginseng it helps if you are trying to get pregnant

I have 1 child who is 14 years now, i was pergnant 3 times after that but couldnt keep my pregnancy. i cant tell when am ovulating, maybe i need to get my tempreture and relax more. Am so stressed at work, could this be one of the reasons i have taken so long. Please help me, am 38 and i realy want to have another child

I'm sure the stress of your job and the stress of not getting pregnant are a lot to deal with. You really should see a fertility doctor, who can help determine if you are ovulating and why you have had miscarriages. Women over 35 who are having trouble getting pregnant and/or maintaining a pregnancy should see a fertility doctor asap. There's a find a doctor search on every page of FertilityAuthority - and you can search by zip code or city.

Also, is a wonderfully supportive community, where you can connect with other women.

Keep us posted.


i went to an OB-GYNE and had my ultrasound after being checked the dr. told me i have a low fertility rate.they gave medicines to take but the same old story up now did'nt get pregnant.please help me

know the processes that go on in ur body is very important ! thanks for telling about it!

Im 33 years old and i have 3 kids. I did not have any problems getting pregnant with my kids. For the last 8 months i have had unprotected sex and have not gotten pregnant. Im trying to get pregnant but im not. What do u think the chances are of me getting pregnant? Im concerned because of my age. I want another baby. Please help.

Ovulation is the release of a mature egg (ovum) from the ovarian follicle. Each menstrual cycle, several ovarian follicles begin to mature and develop under the influence of pituitary hormones. Usually only one follicle develops fully. While the other follicles recede, this dominant follicle produces an egg which will be released and which can be fertilized. The growing follicle secretes increasing amounts of the hormone estrogen. Following peak estrogen production, there is a surge of luteinizing hormone (LH). The LH surge triggers the release of the mature egg from its follicle. This is ovulation.

i am a 44 year old woman who is single and not presently trying to conceive. i have the condition of premature ovarian failure..low afc, high fsh and amh levels are low...
i still have a glimmer of hope that one day i will be a mom. i keep reading about all the treatments out there.
is it outrageous to have this small bit of hope?
pls advise

hi my name is latonya i have 2 kids but i remarried and my new husband doesnt have any children. i got my tubes untied and since then i have been pregnant twice. one time i just misscarried and the other was a tubal. the doctor says i only have a 20 precent of having a normal pregnancy is that true

hi i m 25 year old and no pregnancy occur during my 5 year married life because i do not know when ovulation occur plz tell me time of ovulation and medicene of healthy ovulation

I am 24 and iv ben pregnant twice but had a misscarige on my first one that 9 months later got pregnant again and everything went good I ended up having him a month early but found out he came early cuz he was out of room to grow cuz apparently i only have like half a uturus and only one working overy so getting pregnant is harder for me than most. We have ben trying to get pregnant for ra few months but my period is never on time like it should be so if anyone has any advice for me plz share..

hi im 25 ive been wanting a baby for 3yrs and we have not had any luck i went 7 months with no period about 4yrs ago and it was irregular after that but now they are regular again so i need help figuring out when i am ovulating any suggetions as to how i will know

Hi - You really should see a fertility doctor for a consultation. There are other steps you can take, such as using an ovulation predictor kit, charting your basal body temperature, etc., but if you have irregular periods and have been having unprotected sex, it's time to see a fertility doctor. You can use this form to find a fertility doctor in your area.


I have been trying sence about sepember 2011 and have been off the shot for over a year. I was on the depo and only had 2 shoots. My period are on time every month, every 26 days. Im only 20.

I am 21 years old and am got married in january this year and i want to get pregnant with my first kid. My cycle is on time and it is of 28 days. Am doing regular sex with new positions.

Hi I am 21 years old I have a 5 year old son I have never been pregnant since I've had him I dnt understand why as I have regualar sex maybe I'm not doing it at the right time I have an 32 Day cycle I brought my ovulation kits and brought a product called pre seed online so I'm going to see if it works this time but if it doset should I see a doctor could der be some thing wrong with me even if I've had a child before ?

You should get tested for pcos poly cystic ovarian sydrome i have it and alot of women who have it are over weight because the body cant have sugar because of insulen resistence but anyway pcos is a hormone imbalance were the women has to much male testoterone levels so u can also be hairyer then most women my eggs dont mature and become cysts in my ovaries eery womes differnt and have different levels of hormoes and different symptoms its worth getting checked out because there is help and support groups and women can get pregnant with pcos

Hi, I'm hoping you could help me. I'm 25 and have pcos the same as you. I have been trying to get pregnant for 2 years now and have had fertility treatment but all it has done is cause me to produce cysts instead of ovulate. I have now been revered to IVF. Have you been throught anyof this and have you been sucessful in getting pregnant? Please help.

Hi Emma, I am so sorry you are going through this. Like you, I have PCOS and was told IVF would be the most controlled option for me to produce eggs for retrieval without overstimulating (and best response to fertility drugs). If you are not quite ready for IVF, you might consider injectable fertility drugs which produce better quality and quantity eggs for an IUI cycle. If you are looking to connect with a fertility doctor in your area, give us a call at 1-855-955-BABY (2229) or email Best, Kim

i'm a 22 year old married young woman i've had 2 miscarrages and ever since then we've being trying 2 fall pregnant bt no luck.....when i went 2 see my dr she told me i dont release an egg every month and i told her i have my periods every month on on the same day(every 24 day)its a regular cycle......i need help .....please

Hi there,

Depending on how long you have been trying to conceive (and combined with the fact that you have had 2 miscarriages), you might consider working with a fertility doctor. Give us a call at 1-855-955-BABY (2229).


Hi there, im a 19 year old girl, in 2012 i only went on my periods 4 times. I stopd being on my periods october 2012, now its february 2013, stil no periods, is this normal?? What might be the cause of this? Please help

Hi Philicia, You could have a condition called Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) which causes irregular menstrual cycles as a result of a hormone imbalance. You can talk to your OB-GYN about testing for PCOS. Best, Kim

I went to the Dr. because I was having serious pain in my right side. Based on my calendar I should've ovulated about 5 days prior to the pain. We've been trying to conceive (have 2 children right now) and haven't been successful. I went to the Dr. and they did a vaginal ultrasound and said that they see spots in my ovary which indicates to them I had cysts in there so that means I'm ovulating. But he also said that means I'm not pregnant because the cysts are disappearing and if I were pregnant he would still be able to see a cyst. I'm a little confused because I've read where the cyst rupture during ovulation to release the eggs but you can get pregnant after ovulation (within a certain time span). We were actively trying the days prior to and after my ovulation date (at least the day we thought it could possibly be). With that being said, we were active 2 days before I went to the dr. And I've read that it takes 7-10 days for implantation to occur. Would my dr. be able to tell that I'm not pregnant this month since we were active just a few days prior to my visit/ultrasound?

Hi Melissa, It depends on what you mean by cysts. The follicles from which our eggs ovulate are considered small cysts. If you had intense pain, it could have been a follicle that did not ovulate and developed into a cyst. After a follicle ovulates an egg, it become a corpus luteum which releases hormones to sustain a pregnancy. In order to determine if you are pregnant, you would have to know when you ovulated and take a pregnancy test approximately 2 weeks after. Good luck! Kim

Hi i found out I had an ovarian cyst in September and with with out a period for 7months! When I did get it in March 2013 it was intense I never had a period like this before! I am wondering if now I can try to conceive or should I wait it out!

Hi Brenda, You might benefit from a consultation with a fertility doctor. They can screen for the presence of cysts, determine if it is releasing hormones that would interfere with getting pregnant, and either give you birth control to dissolve the cyst before trying to conceive, or remove it via laparoscopy. Give us a call at 1-855-955-BABY (2229) and we can help you connect with a fertility doctor in your area. Best of luck! Kim

Hi ladies just wonted to share. Me sn my bf just got it aproved monday tht I am pregnet. All alone on my own I found out my ovulation day from the ovulation kit an it took as little as a couple weeks for me to concieve. I miscarried in dec.2012, was so upset an stressed afterwards, because of yhe miscarrage an wht caused it. Anyway we tried 2 months with nothing but neg. test after neg test. In march I started to do my reseach an found out t ht detecting my ovulation would do the trick. Got my period mar.14, went off mar.19 ovulated the25th, when im gettin my period I only cramp a lil the night befor it actually come. But I cramped from the 1st of apr. to the 5th an wasnt due for my period till the 11th tested on the 2nd to get a neg. But I knew something was going on inside, I would get pinch like cramps in my sides abdominal pain on an off back pain, feeling like I would faint. The urge to throw up. Yeah all this in so little time. I knew tht neg test was wrong because I know my body. Test agsin on the 6th to get my faint pink line. Preggo. Went to the hospital mon. Whete the did a urine test sn said I wasnt. They had to argue me down cause I had taken 3 DIFFERENT test yes I was stocked up with them all brands. I then asked for the blood test which is def. Goin to show the right results. After waitn 3 LONG HOURS there it was. Doc came up an asked did you know you were pregnet. I said yes I told them I was they told me I wasn't. Yeah he replyed its so early our urine test didnt detected it. The also had givin me 2 ultra sounds one regular an vaginal was the other, to make sure I wasnt pregnet in any other organs. He explained to me tht tht may have been a reason y it wasnt showing in there urine test an the fact tht its extremely to early to even tell. But I knew. I think its weird tho home test show as earlier than the test at the doc. Im a happi 23Yr old an blessed.

My fertile days was on the 31 of march to april 5 my ovulating date was april 3 ive been havin alot of symptoms i could b 3weeks pregnant but not sure my husband cumed in me more than once is it possible

pls i have been trying to get pregnant for a year now,i saw my period on d 23/5/2013 and my menstral cycle is 29 days,i felt my fertile day but my ovulation did nt hook me,we had sex on d 14 and 15th day.can i still be pregnat?

Hi Adanne, If you have been trying to conceive for one year, it may be time to consult a fertility doctor. There could be some other female factor infertility or even male factor infertility. Give us a call at 1-855-955-BABY (2229) or email and we can help you connect with a fertility doctor near you. Best, Kim

I've been having unprotected sex nearly every night for the last 8 weeks every night and I have got 3 periods this month kind of light the first day like pink water then goes heavy for a day then stops can anyone help me could I be pregnant

Hi im 21 I got mareied like 2years ago I was 18 at that time I was allaredy pregant at that tome in aug.27.11 I had my son n sean they i got pregant 2 times me but I lost them I havent got my period sena they can I stell get pregant??

My husband and I have been trying to become pregnant for over 5 years now. I went to the doctor and was given blood work. I was told I have PCOS and that I was not ovulating. I am over weight so he thought it could be because of that. He put me on some pills to help me loose weight but I want to get pregnant not just loose weight..... What do I need to do? I really want children. Please help me!

Hi Jennifer, By losing the weight, you may restore ovulation and get pregnant naturally. I have PCOS as well. I understand how frustrating it can be, but try to make some changes to diet and exercise and see if it helps to kick start your cycle. Good luck! Kim

I am 20 years old. i have one child she is 2 years old and i won't another baby

Hi Travesia, It could take up to one year for a woman under the age of 35 to conceive. If you have been trying to conceive for one year and are unsuccessful, you should consult a fertility doctor. Give us a call at 1-855-955-BABY (2229) or email Best, Kim

i am 19 year old girl n get period aftr every 8 days from last month n there is no pain wat is the reason behind this is dat curable ? please help i m in very severe tension

For all you ladies having trouble conceiving, & had tried every possiblething, get your thyroids checked!!!! ♥♡

Normally when I ovulate one of my ovaries gets sore but this month I never felt the soreness from either of my ovaries does that mean I didn't ovulate?

Hi Shan, Very few women actually experience ovulation pain each month. The best ways to track ovulation are by charting basal body temperature (BBT) or using ovulation prediction kits (OPKs) though you will have to do so beginning next cycle if your ovulation window has passed. Best, Kim

Ive been under my specialist just gone 4 months. Ive been told I ovulate on my period. 2 weeks after I was told this I found out I was pregnant shocked isn't the word right now. Ive been trying for 3 years since I lost my son to s.i d's. Me and my partner did have sex mid way through my period. I didn't think it was possible to get pregnant on a period. Has this ever happened to anyone else and if so how was your pregnancy?

hii! iam 19 yr old and last month i miss my periods and still not get down this month and i even had ultra sound but the reports were normal. now iam scared. Is there's anything to worry about or its normal

An irregular period can be caused by a number of things. I would suggest taking with your gynecologist. Best, Claire

I an my partner have been trying to conceive for a year n everthing has been proving abortive, i usually have irrugular mentral cycle and no signs of ovulation what would be the problem pls help me because am loosing control of myself


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