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Surrogacy in Fairfield County, CT
Surrogacy is third-party assisted reproductive technology in which one woman, a surrogate, carries a child to term for another woman, usually because she cannot conceive or carry a pregnancy to term. Surrogacy is an option for women with anomalies of the uterus or frequent miscarriage. Many male gay couples also turn to surrogacy, so they can have a biological connection to their child.
There are two types of surrogacy: traditional surrogacy and gestational surrogacy. In traditional surrogacy, a woman is inseminated with sperm, usually from a donor or the male partner of the couple. The child that results is related biologically to the surrogate, since her own eggs were used. Gestational surrogates are implanted with an embryo, with can come from the prospective parents or separate donors. This child will not share a biological relation to the surrogate, since her eggs are not used.
Surrogacy Laws in Connecticut
Like many states, Connecticut has no clear laws regarding surrogacy or surrogacy agreements. However, case law has ruled favorably upon surrogacy agreements.
A 1998 Connecticut Supreme Court Case Doe v. Doe settled a custody dispute between two parents of a child born through traditional surrogacy. The court ruled in favor of the wife, saying that the wife’s role in raising the child outweighed the statutory presumption that the child’s best interest remains in the hands of the biological parents, which would have been the husband and the surrogate mother. The court also ruled that it wasn’t addressing whether a surrogacy agreement was enforceable.
In January 2011, the Court concluded that an intended parent in a valid surrogacy agreement who has no genetic relationship to the baby may establish his or her legal parental rights with a Pre-Birth Court Order issued by the Superior Court of Connecticut. Therefore, non-genetic parents do not need to go through adoption proceedings.
Fairfield County, CT, Surrogacy Agencies
Many couples turn to surrogacy agencies to match them up with a surrogate. Surrogacy agencies usually require vigorous mental and physical screening before a surrogate can begin the process, but it is a good idea to inquire about the specifics of this beforehand.
Fairfield County residents can work with the following surrogacy agencies:
- Center for Surrogate Parenting
- Worldwide Surrogacy Specialists, LLC
Also, there are six fertility clinics in Fairfield County, many of which work with surrogates.
Surrogacy is considered very legally complex, so if you are considering this process, be sure to meet with a lawyer who specializes in this field.