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Surrogacy in Los Angeles
Surrogacy is an option for women who cannot conceive or carry a pregnancy to term.
There are two types of surrogates. A traditional surrogate uses her own eggs, and is inseminated with sperm from either the male partner of the couple or from a sperm donor. Because she uses her own eggs in the pregnancy, the child is biologically related to her. In gestational surrogacy, on the other hand, the woman does not use her own eggs, so the child is not related to her. Instead, the surrogate is implanted with an embryo, which can come from the couple or from a donor source.
You can ask your friends or family members to serve as a surrogate. However, if that option doesn’t work for you, you can be matched with a surrogate through a surrogacy agency in Los Angeles.
Surrogacy Laws in California
California has no law that explicitly deals with the process of surrogacy, but the state does accept surrogacy agreements. The state has used its Uniform Parentage Act to interpret clarification of what qualifies as a legal mother or legal father.
Court case rulings in California have ruled in favor of the intended parents. The 1993 California Supreme Court Case Johnson v. Calvert ruled that the intended parents, not the gestational surrogate, should be recognized as the legal parents of the child. A surrogacy agreement was in place before the surrogacy occurred.
Additional rulings have ruled in favor of gay and lesbian couples considered as a child’s natural parents through surrogacy. Using the state’s Uniform Parentage Act, the 2005 California Supreme Court case Elisa B. v. Superior Court, Kristine H. v. Lisa R. and K.M. v. E.G. ruled that two women can be considered the legal parents of a child born through surrogacy.
Los Angeles Surrogacy Agencies
Couples looking for a surrogate in the Los Angeles area can turn to surrogacy agencies to match them together. Before surrogacy begins, the surrogate must go through physical and emotional testing to assure that she can handle the process.
The following surrogacy agencies operate in Los Angeles. Some specialize in working with lesbian or gay couples:
- B Coming
- Growing Generations
- LA Baby
- Sunrise Surrogacy Solutions
- The Surrogacy & Egg Donation Center
- The Surrogacy Program
- The Surrogacy SOURCE
Before you commit to a surrogacy agency, you should should schedule a consultation to ask some questions. Important topics include how long the agency has been in operation, what kind of screening is in place for surrogates, what are limitations on number of times of surrogacy, and what is the breakdown of fees and other responsibilities.
Surrogacy is considered the most legally-complex of the assisted reproductive technologies, so before you begin the surrogacy process, it is a good idea to retain services of a lawyer who specializes in reproductive law.
To find out if surrogacy is a good option for you, be sure to talk to your fertility doctor about your diagnosis and options for family building.