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Surrogacy in Sacramento, CA
Surrogacy is an assisted reproductive technology option for women who cannot conceive or carry a pregnancy to term. In surrogacy, a woman carries a child for another woman who cannot get pregnant herself.
There are two types of surrogacy options. The first type is traditional surrogacy, in which a woman is inseminated with sperm from the male partner or from a sperm donor. The child that results would be biologically related to the surrogate. In gestational surrogacy, the woman is implanted with an embryo, which comes from either the couple or a separate donor. In this type of surrogacy, the resulting child is not biologically related to the surrogate.
Surrogates can be a woman the couple knows, such as a friend or family member, or it can also be a stranger. For this type of surrogate, couples are usually matched together with the surrogate through a surrogacy agency.
Surrogacy Laws in California
California does not have any specific laws that deal solely with surrogacy. However, court rulings have been in favor of surrogacy agreements, for both heterosexual and homosexual parents.
The state uses the California Uniform Parentage Act to interpret court rulings that deal with the rights of the legal mother and legal father. The 1993 case Johnson v. Calvert ruled that the intended mother of a child who was born through surrogacy was the child’s natural mother. This showed that prospective parents of a child conceived through gestational surrogacy were considered the legal parents.
Other laws also ruled in favor of lesbian and gay couples involved in surrogacy agreements. The case Elisa B. v. Superior Court, Kristine H. v. Lisa R. and K.M. v. E.G ruled in favor of two women, making them both the legal parents of children born through surrogacy.
Sacramento Area Surrogacy Agencies
The surrogacy agencies in the Sacramento area match up prospective parents with surrogates. Before the surrogacy process begins, these surrogacy agencies require rigorous psychological and physical tests of the potential surrogate.
The following surrogacy agencies in the area work to match surrogates with potential parents:
- The Surrogacy Source
- Growing Generations
Before you commit to a surrogacy agency, ask them about their screening procedures, how long they have been in business, and what is the breakdown of their fees.
It is important to realize that surrogacy is considered the most legally-complicated of the assisted reproductive technologies. Because of this, it is recommended you retain the services of an attorney who specializes in reproductive law to best protect your rights/