You are here
Testing Male and Female Fertility
By Dr. Yvonne Bohn, Dr. Allison Hill and Dr. Alane Park, OB/GYNs and Chief Medical Consultants for e.p.t®
It can be frustrating if it’s taking you longer to conceive than you were hoping it would. While seven out of eight couples have no problem getting pregnant, one in eight has issues with infertility.
While there are many myths that exist about infertility, it is defined as the inability to get pregnant if you are 35 or younger and trying to conceive for one year or more, or if you are older than 35 and trying to conceive for six months or more. You might be surprised to learn that infertility affects men and women equally. Approximately 1/3 of infertility is related to female factors, approximately 1/3 is related to male factors, and the remaining 1/3 is a combination of factors or unexplained.
So if you’re concerned about the length of time it’s taking you to get pregnant, or if you suspect issues with your fertility or your partner’s fertility, some simple tests can determine if there’s cause for treatment.
A male fertility evaluation includes testing for the concentration or number of sperm in a semen sample. Sperm count is measured in millions of sperm per milliliter (mL) of semen. Twenty million or more sperm per milliliter is considered a healthy sperm count. A lower sperm concentration could indicate male infertility.
Female fertility testing includes assessing a woman’s hormone levels on day 3 of the menstrual cycle. Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) stimulates follicles in your ovaries (that contain eggs) to grow. The FSH level on day 3 provides an indication of your ovarian reserve – the quality and quantity of your eggs.
The e.p.t™ Complete Home Fertility Kit offers both a male and female fertility test, making it the first of its kind on the market. This at-home test allows you to review the results in as little as five minutes in the privacy of your own home.
The male test screens to measure sperm concentration at or above 20 million sperm/mL with 98% accuracy. It includes a condom for sample collection and results are easy to read. If you receive negative results (sperm concentration is less than 20 million/mL), you should consult a physician for further testing.
The female test screens for FSH levels in your urine and the test wand indicates whether you have a normal or elevated FSH level. If you have elevated FSH, you should consult a physician for further testing, as your ovarian reserve is low.