HIV-positive couples are increasingly looking to expand their family. When this happens, the health status of both parties is a top priority. For partners who are both HIV-positive, conception can occur normally, but there is a risk of transmitting a drug-resistant strain of HIV between partners. This risk can be minimized if both partners are rigorously adhering to treatment and their viral load is undetectable. Timing unprotected intercourse when the woman is ovulating is critical for success.
December 1 is World AIDS Day. Founded in 1988, it was the first ever global health day. Around the world, people are showing support for people living with HIV, commemorating friends and loved ones who have died from the disease and uniting in the fight against HIV. A diagnosis is not the death sentence it once was, and more and more HIV-positive women and men are living long lives and having families. Following are facts about the disease.
Normally, a small cut on a blood vessel wall causes the body to form a blood clot to seal it and stop the bleeding. However, some people form blood clots too easily. If you tend toward excessive blood clotting or if the clots don’t dissolve properly, you’re said to have a blood-clotting disorder.
Our bodies contain genes called Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) genes which help the immune system to distinguish between the body’s own proteins and proteins of a virus or bacteria. When a foreign protein is detected, our immune system kicks in to defend us, as in the instance of having a cold or the flu.
Some couples trying to conceive may be diagnosed with immunologic incompatibility, or allogeneic issues, which are detrimental to their fertility.
A study conducted by Thomas Jefferson University's Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, presented at the 2012 American College of Gastroenterology meeting shows women with celiac disease have greater fertility and pregnancy complications, like miscarriage, than those without the disease.
Your immune system protects you against infectious organisms and other things that cause disease, but sometimes your immune system is mistaken . Immune testing is a type of diagnostic test that may help uncover the cause of your infertility or recurring pregnancy loss and increase your chance of a successful pregnancy.
Screening pregnant women for low thyroid hormone levels in the first trimester — and treating accordingly — does not impact a child's IQ at age 3, a randomized trial showed. The average IQ was 99.2 among children whose mothers were treated for low thyroid hormone levels and 100.0 for those whose mothers were not treated (P=0.40), according to John Lazarus, MD, of Cardiff University in Wales, and colleagues.
If you are experiencing menstrual irregularities and trying to get pregnant, it is a good idea to have your thyroid tested. An underactive or overactive thyroid could be at the root of your fertility issues.
It is somewhat difficult to determine whether the thyroid is exclusively the cause of infertility, because infertility is often caused by a combination of factors, according to Susan L. Treiser, M.D., a reproductive endocrinologist with IVF New Jersey, part of the Attain Fertility Center Network. "But I would say probably as frequently as 20 percent of the time, you'll see some sort of abnormality with thyroid function in patients who are trying to conceive," she says.
If you place your fingers gently around the base of your throat, you will find your thyroid—a small, butterfly-shaped gland that quietly lies near the bottom of your windpipe.
As silent as it may be, however, the thyroid plays a very important role in not only your fertility but also your overall health. Primarily, it secretes the hormones thyroxine (T4) and triodothyronine (T3). Together, they direct many metabolic functions, including some involved in the production of fertility hormones.
How do you know what is “normal”? In medicine, “normal” can be defined in many different ways. For many lab values, “normal” is defined by the general population. What values do most people have for this particular lab test? A common criteria is to see what value do 95 percent of people have for this particular lab value? If you are outside the 95th percentile, then your lab value is “abnormal.” But what population do you choose? What if a lot of people in your population are actually abnormal?