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Infertility can be caused by a whole host of reasons that you can't control, but there are some causes of infertility that you can try to prevent. One of these is sexually transmitted diseases. Chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes, syphilis and others can all cause problems with your fertility and are responsible for approximately one-fourth of all fertility cases.
The World Health Organization has just issued a report on gonorrhea and how it is fast becoming resistant to all of the antibiotics used to treat it. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that every woman planning to get pregnant be tested for chlamydia and gonorrhea at a preconception checkup. Other tests may be ordered depending on a couple's sexual history.
The best way to control sexually transmitted diseases is to try and prevent them in the first place. The best way to do that? Latex condoms used consistently and correctly, and, of course, a long-term, monogamous relationship with a partner who is known to be uninfected.
If you or your partner has been diagnosed with an STD in the past, talk to your Ob/Gyn or fertility doctor openly and honestly to determine your best course for going forward with trying to get pregnant.