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Stimulating the Ovaries
When undergoing fertility treatment, ovarian stimulation is used to stimulate the growth and development of ovarian follicles to produce multiple eggs and increase the chances of getting pregnant. It may be used alone or in conjunction with other fertility treatments such as intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilization (IVF). Different fertility doctors have different treatment protocols that you may follow.
A woman takes fertility drugs, which may be in pill form or injectable, to stimulate the ovaries. Generally, a baseline blood and ultrasound are performed early in the menstrual cycle, and the medication is started soon after that. The fertility doctor monitors your response to the medication through blood tests and ultrasound and may give you a trigger shot (to trigger the eggs to go through the final stage of maturation) with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) when the follicles are mature.
Then, egg retrieval, sex or intrauterine insemination is timed for about 36 hours after the trigger shot, with the hopes that you have completed a one successful phase in your quest to have a baby.