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What is Ovulation Induction?

According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM), about 1 in 4 women with infertility have ovulation problems. That’s where fertility meds come in—these are types of drugs fertility doctors use to stimulate, or induce, ovulation. And ovulation, of course, is necessary for pregnancy.

Ovarian stimulation drugs are also used during an IVF cycle. Injections of these drugs are used to stimulate your ovaries so you produce multiple eggs. Then, when the eggs are mature, they are retrieved and then fertilized. The resulting embryos are implanted to try to achieve pregnancy.

The most common fertility drugs used for ovulation induction include Clomiphene citrate, human menopausal gonadotropin (hMG), follicle stimulating hormone, and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG).

Like all drugs, fertility meds for ovulation induction do carry the risk of some side effects. These can include swelling or rash where you’ve injected, breast tenderness, mood swings, or bloating. If these drugs are used on their own—not through an IVF cycle—they can also lead to multiple births.

For more information on how ovulation stimulating drugs are used in an IVF cycle, check out this video where Dr. John Nichols of Piedmont Reproductive Endocrinology Group (PREG) explains the procedure.

Click image to play.

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