You are here
What are Common Male Factor Diagnoses?
In partnership with Rinovum Women’s Health
LOW SPERM COUNT
Textbook: Low sperm count is when the semen has less than 15 million sperm per milliliter.
Diagnosis: To check sperm count, your Healthcare Provider (HCP) will do a sperm analysis. The semen sample is collected and analyzed.
LOW SPERM MOTILITY
Textbook: When a low percentage of sperm per milliliter of semen is moving in a forward direction (progressive direction). Less than 35% is considered low.
Diagnosis: You can find out if you have sperm motility issues by having a sperm analysis done by your Healthcare Provider. He or she will examine a sample of your semen and look at the motility as well as the count and shape (morphology).
Common causes of male factor issues:
- Varicocele- swelling of veins that drain the testicles that affects cooling of testicles. Can lead to reduced sperm count and motility issues.
- Antibodies that attack sperm. Your body can mistake sperm as harmful and create special proteins (antibodies) that work to damage or kill sperm.
- Hormone imbalance
- Chromosome defects, normally men get 1x and 1y chromosomes but some carry 2x chromosomes and 1y.
- Celiac disease. Celiac is a digestive disorder of sensitivity to gluten.
- Tobacco, alcohol, and narcotics.
- Environmental and occupational hazards.
- Untreated infections.
- Treating infections. Antibiotics can cure an infection of the reproductive tract, but this may not restore fertility.
- Hormone treatments and medications- Hormone replacement or medications may be prescribed to change hormone levels. It may take between three and six months before you’ll notice any effects on your semen analysis. Clomiphene is a common prescription.
- Assisted reproductive technology (ART)- ART treatments involve obtaining sperm through normal ejaculation, surgical extraction or from donor individuals, depending on your specific case and wishes. The sperm is then inserted into the female genital tract, or used for in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection.
- Consider trying The Stork OTC, designed to place and keep the sperm close to the cervical opening to help with becoming pregnant, optimizing your chances. Indicated for use with low sperm count and motility issues, it’s a new option that provides you with a serious alternative.