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How Does Progesterone Help in Fertility Treatments?

Progesterone is often used in fertility treatments, but what exactly does it do? We give you the breakdown on this treatment below.

What is progesterone?
Progesterone is a naturally-occurring hormone produced in your ovaries. It’s important in pregnancy because it prepares the lining of the uterus to allow a fertilized egg to implant there. When fertilization doesn’t occur, your progesterone levels fall and you have your period.

So why is progesterone used in fertility treatments?
Your fertility doctor may prescribe progesterone if your progesterone levels are low. You may find out your levels are low during a fertility workup if you’re having trouble conceiving, or they may be low because of medicines taken during IVF to prevent premature ovulation. Progesterone supplements can make up for low levels produced by your ovaries. Since progesterone helps a fertilized egg implant in your uterus, it’s vital to the conception process.

How do I take it?
One of the most common ways is in injectable form, called progesterone in oil. You can also take Crinone, a bioadhesive gel, by inserting it into your vagina with a tampon-like applicator. Other progesterone suppositories, like Endometrin and Cyclogest, are inserted vaginally as well.

If you would like more information on how progesterone can help you trying to conceive, watch as infertility specialist Elena Yanushpolsky, MD discuss its uses during an IVF cycle:

Click image to play.

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