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What You Need to Know about Birth Control Pills and Fertility

Countless women who are diagnosed with infertility can't help but wonder if and how their birth control pills somehow caused their infertility. After all, we spend years preventing pregnancy only to find that it isn't as easy to get pregnant as we once thought.

The fact of the matter is, birth control pills are a synthetic version of the hormones that already exist in the female body. The pills contain estrogen and progesterone which signal the brain to stop producing follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). These hormones are responsible for egg follicle growth and ovulation each month. Once you stop taking birth control pills, hormone production will resume (provided there are no underlying infertility conditions).

Here is what you need to know about birth control pills and your fertility:

  • Birth control pills are backed by extensive scientific research proving that they are safe and effective for preventing pregnancy and they cause no long term risks to fertility.
  • Birth control pills are completely reversible, meaning the effects are not permanent and your hormones will resume production once you stop taking birth control pills.
  • Some studies say birth control helps preserve ovarian reserve. If you aren’t ovulating each month, it means there are more eggs available for when you are trying to conceive. Take caution, though. Ovarian reserve declines with age so while you may have a greater quantity of eggs than if you had not used birth control, it does not mean you have an infinite number of eggs in your ovaries.
  • It can take anywhere from one to 12 months for your cycle to return to normal. However, women under the age of 35 who have been trying to conceive for one year, or women over the age of 35 who have been trying to conceive for six months should seek a consultation with a fertility doctor. Time is of the essence when it comes to fertility. Don’t assume that you have plenty of time to get pregnant, particularly if you are nearing the age of 35.

Have you stopped your birth control but are still having trouble trying to conceive? Do you suspect an underlying fertility condition? Contact our Patient Care Coordinators by calling 1-855-955-BABY (2229), or fill out the Contact Fertility Doctors Near Me form and we will help you schedule a fertility consultation with one of the trusted doctors in our network.

Want to know more about birth control and your fertility? Check out these articles on
Can Prolonged Use of Birth Control Pills Cause Infertility?
Bye Bye Birth Control!

Comments (2)

Hi I have been trying to get pregnant but I have not been able to for 4 years. I have been diagnose with endometerosis and have had 1 misscarriage and eptoic pregnancy. I am 31 years old is not being able to get pregnant due to my endometerosis and if it is how much would IVF cost.

Hi Shala,

I'm so sorry you are finding yourself in this situation. Have you consulted a fertility doctor regarding your endometriosis? Some fertility doctors believe laparoscopic surgery to remove the scar tissue can help patients conceive on their own. If you do decide to do IVF, the average cost is between $8,000-$12,000 per cycle depending on medication costs, etc. Give us a call at 1-855-955-BABY (2229) and we will connect you with a fertility doctor who specializes in endometriosis.


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