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Fibroids & Polyps Overview

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Fibroids and polyps are benign (non-cancerous) uterine growths —tissue enlargement in a woman's uterus. While they may be benign, they can also cause problems such as infertility or recurrent miscarriage.


Fibroids are masses of tissue that start from the uterine muscle and then grow into the cavity, within the wall, and push outward toward the uterus.

There are four kinds of fibroids:

  • Intramural fibroids are the most common and grow inside the wall of the uterus.
  • Subserol fibroids grow outside the uterine cavity.
  • Submucous (submucosal or intracavitary) fibroids grow inside the uterine cavity.
  • Pedunculated fibroids grow on a stalk and develop either in the uterus or outside the uterus

Health care providers may call fibroids: tumors, leiomyomas or myomas. These masses are not cancerous and do not require treatment unless they are causing problems, such as pelvic pain, bleeding or heavy or uncomfortable menstrual periods.

The fibroid that grows inside the uterine cavity (intracavitary) is much less common than other types. Any type of fibroid can impact reproductive function and may cause infertility or miscarriage.

It is estimated that as many as 1 in 5 women of childbearing age have uterine fibroids. They are most often found in women over age 30, are rarely seen in women under 20 and are more common in African-Americans than Caucasians.

Although it is not known what causes uterine fibroids, they seem to require the hormone estrogen to grow. A fibroid will probably continue to slowly grow as long as the female is menstruating. At the onset of menopause, when hormone levels drop, fibroids are likely to shrink or disappear.

Curious to see the effect Fibroids are having on your fertility, read Are Fibroids Contributing to Your Infertility? to find out more information.


Cervical polyps are small, fingerlike growths, similar to a wart or skin tag, that are found on the cervix. They are common and are most often found in women over age 20 who have had children. Young women who have not yet started menstruating rarely have polyps.

A woman can have one or several polyps. Although they are usually not cancerous, all polyps should be evaluated by a an Ob/Gyn or fertility doctor. Polyps are easy to remove and do not usually grow back.

The cause of cervical polyps is not clearly understood. They might develop from an infection, chronic (long-term) inflammation, or an obstruction or any alteration in blood vessels in the cervical canal. Researchers believe polyps may also be an abnormal response to an increase in estrogen levels.

Many polyps do not interfere with the ability to get pregnant. However, large or multiple polyps can sometimes cause problems with fertility or result in recurrent miscarriage.

If you're experiencing recurrent miscarriages or suspect an infertility condition, you should consider consulting with a fertility specialist. To find a specialist near you, type in your zip code in the “Find a Doctor” or “Find a Clinic” search on our website.


Comments (87)

I have fibroid & used to suffer with heavy pelvic pain. At that time one my friend advised me to move for fibroid embolisation treatment by Dr. Abhilash at It was a good treatment with in couple of months i was back to my happy life

Barb - Sounds like you need to discuss this with your Gynecologist. I recommend that you set up an appointment with him or her to take care of this issue.

ive just been told I have a small polyp after having a check up then it was left at that without any advice about it. I have a scan soon to see the thickness of my womb lining . to see if the heavy periods are memopause or polyo related. should I be worried

Most polyps are not anything to be worried about, but they should be checked out. Are you trying to get pregnant?

i am only 23 years old I had a polyp removed 6 years ago , anyways before I found out I had one I bleed for 3 months In a row really bad...... well they did the surgery and found the polyp, well 4 months ago I started bleedIng really bad for another 3 months, and I thought It was bc I came off my bIrth contarl a few months before, anyways my docther tells me i need to take birth contarl everyday to stop my bleedingn so now i have to take it everyday or i bleed i lost two pints of blood in them months i was bleeding and then he ran test on me and didnt find anything wrong or what could be caseing the bleeding and i was like what if the polyp came back and he was like oh yeah that could be it im duh it took you this long anyways ive been takeing my pills my everyday and i now ive stoped bleeding but idk if i should still get the surgery done or just put it on hold in case i start back bleeding but its going to cost me alot of money to get it done and i dont have the money and i want to have a baby with my husband we been togetter for a long time now but how can i have a baby and i have to take birth contarl each day so i wont bleed idk what to do i am so upset

If you are trying to get pregnant I would recommend seeing a fertility doctor instead of a gynecologist. A fertility doctor can advise you on treatment or surgery that won't interfere with getting pregnant, or keep you from getting pregnant. You can contact our Patient Care Advocates for more information at 855-955-2229 or Best, Claire


I am 31 yrs old. In 2008 I had laparoscopic procedure done to find out why I was having so much pain and why I was having mth long periods. All that was found was pockets of fluid behind my uterus, a little scar tissue and cysts on my ovaries. They burned my tubes. I took mass amounts of very strong bc pills which eventually helped w the bleeding. A yr and half ago the problems began again. I blamed it on the stress of losing my father to cancer. Until last April when I finally had enough. An ultrasound was done and supposedly came back normal w the exception of uterine and ovarian cysts. My dr again put me on bc. The bc didn't work at all. I called my dr she went back and looked at my ultrasound and found what looked like a polyp and ordered sonohystergram. The shg showed I had a very large polyp. Almost fills my entire uterus. She has set up for me to have a hysteroscope the end of August and recommends that I have endometrial ablation done. Last night I received an email stating that bc of the size of my polyp they want to do it in an operating room at a surgical center. I'm really worried, despite how simple they say the procedure is. Are there more complications w larger polyps? I've also read that ablation has a lower success rate in women my age. Has anyone close to my age had this procedure done? Was it helpful? I've asked my dr but it seems she's trying to keep everything low key so I won't worry, but instead her beating around the bush has kinda made me worry more. Any thoughts and comments would be greatly appreciated.

about 2 and half years ago i had the same i went to the hospital just for peace of mine because i was spotting blood and it scared me but as i was having a internal scan doctors firsted asked me if i was preganant witch to me i wasnt then they said it must be a polyp i then underwent a op to remove the polyp and they said they couldnt find anyfink there so still today i question weather it was a polyp that eather fell out or disapeared on its own or a misscarage im not to sure when i asked the doctors to xplain they fobed me off to doctor to doctor so if i was you id tell the doctor first what you think and more than likley they will still do op because all though mine vanished they still toke some samples to test for any other problems so id still go for it better to be safe than sorry

i was recently diagnosed with a polypmy symptoms were spotting between periods and heaviy bleeding during periods.i have suffered for a year or 2 with these but recently my spotting has stopped and bleeding not so heavy and im having regular periods now, will my polyp have gone and if not will i still be able to get pregnant

Hi Martine, The only way to know for sure if the polyp is gone is consult with a fertility doctor. The doctor can perform a laparoscopy to check for polyps and remove them if present. A polyp may interfere with your ability to get pregnant and avoid miscarriage, so it really is best for you to talk to a doctor. Give us a call at 1-855-955-BABY (2229) and we can connect you with a fertility doctor in your area. All my best, Kim

Hi, I have just had a d&c and the removal of a "poylob/fibriod" the lump has been sent to the lab for testing. I had clots during menstrating, period pains, back ache and pressure on my rectum. I am 43old and have finished having my family so what advise can you give- should I have a hysterectomy or not. Please let me know

I'm 34 years old..I have been bleeding heavy clotty, uncomfortable and painfill moments. This has been going on for about a year now..I been to hospitals after hospital, I would call and make an appointment with a obgyn, and be told it's many months away. I finally got an appointment for a check up, and during my pap smear, I'm informed that I have a polyp in my uterus. Get my hystro ultrasound, and yes I have a very large polyp in my uterus. I have gained over 70lbs in 2 months I look pregnant, endless to say I'm going to have surgery this Monday in 4 day's and get a hysterectomy done..good luck to everyone that is getting hysterectomy done.

Hi Kim, Fibroids or polyps can cause back pain. It is best to address your concerns with a fertility doctor who will decide if surgical removal is a good option for you. Give us a call at 1-855-955-BABY (2229) and we will help you connect with a fertility doctor in your area. Best wishes, Kim

I need to know what is the best way to go about having a check up. I do not have ins. The free clinic will tell me but then I 'm on my own. I don 't qualify for anything assistance I already checked. I tried to go have it done out of pocket but then they said you need to have a Dr. Give the results. I then tell them I don't have a doctor and then say well we can't give you the results. Is what happened dangerous or is this something that just happens? I have had two children already 37 yrs old healthy person.

Polyps don't go away unless you remove them (D&C) they are stuck on the wall and when we bleed they get bigger cause theyre like sponge sucking up all blood. They are also causing blood clothes .If you have big amount of blood clothes thats your hint that you have a polyp.

To the 39 year old of 7/24/2011, I don't know if you were trying to be funny, but you made ME laugh!!! Your (polyp) must be a fibroid to be that large. I'm sure that by now you have been diagnosed and have done something about it. I have a feeling that these things start in our early twenties. Looking back (I am now 57) I would have that little (cyst/polyp/fibroid) removed. Mine is now a huge grapefruit. My cousin had 13 lbs. worth of them removed a few years ago. She had a complete hysterectomy. I have other cousins and aunts who have had them, too. Anyway, I friggin' hate this thing. I have so many herbs in my cupboard that have had no major effect. But I do know that when I keep my weight down and am eating properly it/they appear smaller. But, to me, I still feel and look like a lopsided freak.

There are different types of fibroids. Predunculated; Submucosal; Intramural; and Subserosal. I believe they each have somewhat different properties, so you have to find the right treatment for your situation. Anyway, I'll chit-chat another time.

What I really want to say is that while searching for information today, I read about a minimally invasive procedure called the da Vinci Myomectomy. It's supposed to be able to remove all types of fibroids (little ones and big ones) with less bleeding, pain and down time. I don't know how much it costs, but I'm going to get more information on it.

Let's all keep talking....bye 4 now

hi im 20 years old and me and my husband been trying to get pregnant since we got married 2 1/2 years ago since both of us are really young we thought it wouldn't be a problem but tha was not the case we are going to a fertility clinic but is costing us a lot because we dont have insurance i had my HSG and it came good but when i got my sonohysterogram it seems like a have PCOS ....and also a polyp i dont know what to do this week we have an appointment to see what we have to do but the thing is that we are running out of money and i dont know how much is going to cost to remove the polyp does anyone have an idea also my husbands sperm in kind of slow if any one knows a individual insurance that covers it please letme know i live in texas

I was diagnosed with a golf ball size fibroid on the outside of my uterus. I am very concerned, have heard horror stories of "some" women having problems during surgery and after. Last story I heard of a woman that went through surgery to remove her fibroid; she was upside down as they removed her fibroid and lost complete feeling in her leg and arm (right side only). She has yet to recover at 100%....what caused this? And is there only one way to remove these fibroids? I want to have surgery, but I'm so afraid of something more serious happening to me; my fibroid is painful, I do not have any periods, however I am in constant pain. I keep reading that the fibroids can also shrink once I am past the "stage" in that true? I'm so confused and scared to death! H>E>L>P

Hi, I am 21 years old and have been having issues lately I don't know if it's fibroids or polyps or something else. I have been off the pill for almost 2 years. When I was on it I was on it all the time to not have a period, every 3 months or so I would start spotting my periods have always been 7 days long. Since november my periods have been more regular as in starting at the beginning of the month which I never had before but they started lasting longer they are now 2.5 weeks long. They are really heavy periods and they are accompanied by severe cramps which I have not dealt with since I first got my period when I was 13 last month (march 2012) they were unbearble to the point I could not move. Also In november I began to bleed after intercourse. The bleeding lasts about 2-3 days. I feel like I spend most of every month bleeding I have talked to my doctor and he took a pap. My boyfriend says he can feel a bump I made my doctor aware of this he did a second pap and took a quick glance said he didn't see anything and now I have to "wait a while" as my doctor put it to see a gyno. Any advice would be great thanks.

My journey started out with me trying to find a clinical trial that would help me find out about what was causing my infertility since there is absolutely "no" insurance on the planet that will cover this!!!
During the screening, an MRI was done and revealed that I had a significant number of uterine fibroids to deal with,..but most importantly that I also have a "dilated fallopian tube"
The embolization went fine and the fibroids are pretty much gone, but as I said there isn't any way to go forward with scar tissue surgery,..(no $$$)

Am 30 years and i have been pregnant three times but the first one i aborted it through inducement. After a year i got pregnant again and i aborted that one too but this one was done by a specialist. The third one too it was done through inducement. But now i want to get pregnant again and is been difficult. I went to see a doctor and i was diagnose of fibroid and a surgery was done three months ago but still i done seem to get pregnant. Is there a problem.

does any one have any suggestions for me. I was on birthcontrol. 5years ago. my stomach is bloated and I have constant bleeding for months. For 3 months my period just stopped again. I get alot of sharp pain on my uterus. I get these sharp pains on my uterus and I got pain on my stomach and pain on my sides of my stomach. I get frequent fevers. please write me back.

Hi, my name is anonymous. and I been having problems in my stomach. I been to the ER lots of times. everytime I eat something I get constant diarrhea. Yesterday I felt a lump on the side of my uterus. I am scared because it feels hard as a rock and it doesnt move. it is as big as my finger. and i am 24. wondering what it is.

I am 55yrs gone through menapause but spot blood sometimes!my gyn. says my uterus is too thick they can"t tell much by ultra sound and have a fibroid.she wants to do a d&c and biopsy,I have been having upper stomach ache everyday!does anyone know if these two could be related?

i am 31yrs old lady, suffering from uterien fibriod & cervical polyp from last 4 months. i have no issue,i want a baby first, , what can i do for theis? plz help me.

Hi all, I've just been diagnosed with a uterine polyp (in my endometrial lining) and I see several of you have already had surgery to remove polyps. Can anyone tell me what the surgery is like? How long it took you to recover? Thanks - I could use a little info and advice.

My wife age is 40+ and she is having multiple fibroids, pls help us to remove the fibroids so she can conceive

hi i am visiting usa from South Africa, before Ieft home I
started spotting (5 days now) have not had a period for 3
years, stomach very bloated, contstipation, back pain etc, at my age is it possible that I have polyps? I am 57

Is there any way to know how old a uterine polyp is?? For example, is it 1 or 2 years old, or only a few months...?

I seem to have one which is taking up approximately 25% of my uterus, that is pretty darn big!!! I am 39 but how old is this polyp?


i have recently had a partial hysterectomy (spelled wrong prob) and it has been 5 wks and i am still having very heavy red bleeding can someone tell me if and what i can do? i have been back to my doc and he said it should stop soon... when is soon? i am tired, restless no energy and when i drive or do any type of physical activity or cleaning i bleed more. wat is up with that. should i go back to the hospital

I am scared out of my mind thinking that I have Cervical Cancer.
Please could someone tell me what may be going on as my doctor has just referred me for a Coloscopy with possible polyps but she was so evasive I really am petrified.
I have a heavy feeling in my cervix and it almost feels like there is something stuck up there. I also have had urges to keep going to the toilet for a wee but no blood in the urine but always blood on the tissue when wiping and I don't even have a period.
When i have my periods I always get blood clots is this quite normal.
Please could someone tell me what they think I may have as I am so scared I can't stop crying all the time.
Thank You for taking the time to read my question.

This is about estrace vag. cream 0.01mg/estradiol. Has anyone ever used this medication to soften the cervix for uterine polyp removal? I had a severe rash from this when I used it last(got sick right before the surgery, so I was unable to have the polyps removed) I was also supposed to have a D&C for a thick uterine wall. The problem I have is, I still have to have the surgery(scheduled for the first week in august, no excess bleeding and normal periods, despite the polyps, but lots of clots, no pain. I feel fine.) I may have to take this cream again so we can do the surgery and the doctor is really adamant about it because I am 39, no children, and she says the cervix needs to be softened since I've never had children. She also planned for me to insert two mistoprol(spelling) pills 4 hours prior to the surgery to ripen the cervix. I have never had a surgery like this before and I am wondering why they are prescribing menopause cream in this case. Also, any alternatives if one is allergic to estrace(it gave me a yeast infection and a urinary tract infection at the SAME TIME! It was AWFUL!) Thanks

I recently went to my OB for a routine exam after the birth of baby # 6. I have never been told that I had any polyps. She informed me that I do have a cervical polyp. She said that she could remove it, but it wasn't necessary. Now I am reading that they should be removed and evaluated. Should I call my OB/GYN to have it removed? Also, what are the chances that it will cause fertility issues? We use natural family planning and would be just fine stopping at 6! But I would hate for this polyp to cause me to have a miscarriage. Thanks for any info!

I have been going thru for awhile with what is yet ynknow. I hope and pray that someone out there is going to be familiar with what i am going thru. I have been bleeding, with heavy discharges and clots. My periods last mor then 8 to 9 days even then I hve to still where a pad do to the discharges.. the colors very.. Ive luk'd it up and it appears to be symptoms of cancer. Altho when I went for a chk up the 1st time they cld get no pap beit the blood; the second time a no go beit sumthing was blocking my uterous. Needless to say i am going thru a variety of emotions sad, angry, depressed etc.. i was told not to worry could be jus a fibriod?? hmm I am not working and not insured.. My appointment was scheduled with specialist 14 july. I am out of breath and light headed all the time altho i do try to take iron.. Has anyone been thru this type of situation that can offer information. Please do not say it does sound like cancer>>>>

I am suffering from a Uterine Fibroid and at the end of my rope! I tried a Lupron Depot injection, which cost me pretty much all of the money that I had and it only seems to have made things worse. I was at first very confident in my Doctor but I am losing that security as my suffering continues to worsen. I am 39 and still hoping for a child, but I am starting to wonder if I should just give up that dream and go for the hysterectomy and end this suffering once and for all. Any advice would be appreciated. Any thoughts on Soy and Fibroids? Any dietary advice would be helpful. I was a vegetarian but had to eat some meat to get my iron back up. Want to go back to veg but I am realizing that EVERYTHING has soy in it! Needing advice and encouragement!

Hi. I'm diagnosed vd fibroid. I hv heavy bleeding nd killing pain during my menstruations. I'm takin homeopathy medicines for it from last 2-3 months bt stil nt cured. Wat r the odr treatments and wat can be the consequences. I'm really vry mch afraid that whether I can have babies or not. Pls guide me.

any one i am 40yo i just had a d&c very painful my dr. said it went well and removied all my fibroids i left the hosiptal in pain and stayed in pain on the 8th day i could not take the pain any longer so i went to the er advised by my dr. come to find out i still have fibroids and a cist on one overey and a large degeneration fibroid on the other which is dying off from the in side out(like what the****)i am still in pain and dr. are telling me they want me to have a full historectormey (again what the****)i have no kids and now i am ready for that they are trying to take that choise away from me ????!!!!!speaking of choise the dr. have not yet giving me any choies for how,what,when or even why so i am scared and very sad and now look for another gyn has any one ever i am left in limbo or something now you my ask what was the reason for the D&C because of heavy bleeding and pain but if i knew that there way a posibleity of this i would have never i and my only complant was bottom line pain management i was ok with the heavy bleeding that was normal for me anyway as i search of answers here and everywhere i am in off the chart pain where i now have a home nurse with me intill i can find help well thanks for reading .......

Hi ...I recently found out that I have a polyep and three fibroids on my uterus. I am scheduled to have surgery next month to have the polyep removed. I was also going to have the nova sure done but just found out from ultra sound that the lining of my wall is too thin so I can't have the nova sure done. I have been bleeding for the past seven weeks. Is there any other procedures that can be done to help with the heavy/prolonged bleeding?

i would like to know if is any cure for fibrod, i don't like to get operated before getting the baby am 28 years old please let me know any information you have


Last year in prep for IVF I had six fibroids removed two large ones on the outside of my uterus, two med size and two on the inside of my uterus. I have been living with them for over 10 years. I have also been a strict vegetarian for 20 years and am also Caucasian, fair complexion, blue eyes (not in high risk group). I do not recommend a hysterectomy for any woman and esp for the reasons of fibroids. The fibroids can be removed make sure you are seeing a Dr that has performed these surgeries several times or perhaps specializes in this type of surgery. Also, I cannot express this enough... there is alot of bleeding in this type of surgery... please for your health and safety make sure you donate your own blood prior to surgery or you are typed and matched and they have your blood type on hand prior to the surgery in case blood should need to be administered. Not to scare anyone - that is why old school Doc's used to take the easy way out and do the hysto. b/c of the risk of bleeding in surgery. However, it can be managed and like I said your blood can be on stand-by. Unlike my first surgery my Dr. encountered fibroids he didnt want to go after on the first surgery but had to get them to get to the uterus. They bleed quite a bit and due to my rare blood type with antibodies there wasnt blood on back-up and I could not be given trauma blood which lead to a hospital stay on an outpatient procedure. It took a few months to heal from the first surgery with IV Iron treatments to bring my blood count back up but we got the rest of the fibroids in the second surgery with plenty of blood on store and didnt need it. I am Fibroid free and happy and healthy. I hope this helps some of you.

the last scan i made on my fibriod show that it has grow like five months
old baby. i dont want to do any surgery. pls is there any drugs to remove it entirely, thanks

hii.i hav a fibroid outside the uterus.i found this out in my first pregnancy.wen my son became 1 year i went for an ultrasound n the dr said that the fibroid is small n wont affect .now my son is 2 years n 4 months and i am expectingmy second child due in oct.i would like to know if this fibroid will affect my pregnancy..

I have fibroids in my uterus it cause me problem,before I had eight of them. The doctor took them out, many years later I have about three of four. last time they smell, this time they let out fumes from my body, and people in church, in stores, in hospital,and anywhere I go it effects them they start cought,sneezeing, eyes, watering, stuffing nose and etc.
Please help me.

I have a 7cm fibroid and trying some Chinese medicine now. I bought a bottle of those little herb pills over the counter. I hope it work. I am going to have a MRI on March 14.

I have had vaginal polyps removed on three occasions recently but I continue to bleed and have a foul odor. I am 60 years old and had complete hysterectomy 30+ years ago. All biopsies on the polyps have returned negative. How long is this bleeding supposed to last and is there anything more that can be done?


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