Collecting a semen sample for sperm analysis can be uncomfortable. By and large, men describe the experience as awkward and embarrassing. The conditions can be less than ideal: you’re performing “on demand,” most likely in an anonymous, sterile environment, with the clinic staff “knowing” that you’re doing something that’s normally private, and you’re handing it over once you’re done.
Estradiol is a type of estrogen, the major sex hormone in women. It is secreted by the ovarian follicles. As the follicles grow and develop each month, they produce estradiol. This sets the rest of the reproductive cycle in motion.
Prolactin is a hormone that plays a role in fertility by inhibiting follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH), the hormones that trigger ovulation and allow eggs to develop and mature.
You might have your progesterone checked as part of a fertility work up if you have having trouble getting pregnant or as part of a blood work panel during a fertility treatment cycle to see if you have ovulated. If your progesterone levels are elevated within a normal range, it confirms that ovulation has occurred. If you have had a miscarriage, stillbirth, or unusual bleeding from your uterus, your progesterone may also be checked.
Lutenizing hormone (LH) is a hormone that is vital for reproduction. It is produced by your pituitary gland. LH helps regulate your menstrual cycle and ovulation. A rise in LH (called the LH surge) triggers ovulation.
HSG or hysterosalpingogram test is an infertility test that is invasive. Hystero means uterus, salpingo means fallopian tubes and gram means image. This is a test that allows us to see what is going on with your uterus and your tubes. Is your uterus normal? Does it have a funny shape?
Progesterone is a hormone produced mainly in the ovaries by the corpus luteum (what the follicle turns into after it releases the egg). Progesterone helps prepare the uterus for the implantation of a fertilized egg. If a fertilized egg implants, progesterone then helps the uterine lining (endometrium) to maintain the pregnancy.
What is an AMH test? What does it tell you? Why do doctors perform it? How much does an AMH test cost? Is an AMH test painful? The AMH test (Anti-Mullerian Hormone) is a blood test to help the fertility doctor assess the woman's ovarian reserve.
If blood tests and other diagnostic tests do not determine the cause of your infertility, your health care professional may suggest one or two surgical tests to try to diagnose or treat the problem. One test lets the doctor see inside the uterus and the other shows the outside of the uterus, the ovaries, and fallopian tubes.