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Who is a Candidate for Fertility Preservation?
(Text on screen): Fertility Authority, Your Most Trusted Source
Ask The Experts
Who is a candidate for fertility preservation?
Dr. Bruce Shapiro, Fertility Center of Las Vegas: Candidates for fertility preservation are patients who need to save their embryos
or their gametes, meaning either eggs or sperm, because they either don't want to get pregnant now and want to fight Father Time
or because they have to have a medical treatment that may render them incapacitated in terms of their reproductive potential.
So patients, for instance, who have cancer and have to undergo chemotherapy, those patients need to save their eggs or sperm
for another day while they're still healthy; meaning devoid of the problems associated with chemotherapy.
So a woman that's about to undergo chemotherapy, for instance, we want to get her eggs out first. Let her have the chemotherapy.
Cure her cancer and then come back to us with these eggs that were preserved before the treatment that could damage them.
Interviewer: And how does it work?
Dr. Bruce Shapiro: Well, there's several ways to do it.
One way, for women, is to have them undergo ovarian stimulation; take the eggs out and then freeze them.
We like to use vitrification for those patients, because vitrification has been shown to be a very effective way of saving eggs.
And for men, freezing the sperm, which has been done for many, many years, is easily performed at most laboratories
and they can have their sperm cryopreserved as they have for many years now and have them cryopreserved before chemotherapy.
Now the other problem with women, not so much with men, is that women have a finite period of time after which the likelihood
that their eggs are going to be able to develop into a baby diminishes.
So women after the age of 35 have a much decreased chance of having eggs that can be fertilized properly,
continue to divide properly and then implant in the uterus.
So for those women, embryo or oocyte cryopreservation is the way to go.
So women that have a partner, we like to fertilize the eggs and then freeze them for use in another day.
For women who don't have a partner, we can freeze the eggs and use those in another day.
But both of those are wonderful ways to preserve fertility.
(Text on screen): Fertility Authority: Your Most Trusted Source
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