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Lesbians and Donor Insemination
Donor insemination is an option for lesbian women or couples who wish to have a biological connection to their child. You may use an anonymous sperm donor through a sperm bank or fertility center, or a known donor who may be a friend or relative.
The type of insemination you’ll use will be based on a number of factors, including personal preference, cost, and fertility potential. Types of insemination include:
- Intravaginal insemination (IVI). Unwashed sperm is placed into the vagina around the time of ovulation using a syringe or cervical cap. IVI can be done in a physician’s office or at home.
- Intracervical insemination (ICI). Washed or unwashed sperm are placed in the cervix using a thin catheter and a syringe which pushes the sperm through the catheter. ICI is done in a physician’s office.
- Intrauterine insemination (IUI). Washed sperm are placed in the uterus with a thin catheter that is passed through the cervix. IUI is performed in a physician’s office.
Your physician will recommend that you have a medical screening prior to trying to conceive. If you have a partner, the decision of who will carry the pregnancy may be based on age and medical conditions.
A consultation with an attorney specializing in reproductive matters, preferably one who has experience and knowledge working with same sex parents, is recommended. S/he can help with any necessary documentation regarding legal status as parents, or to define the role of a known sperm donor.