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Conception: The Stripped Down Version of How to Get Pregnant

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A working knowledge of the reproductive system and the conception process is helpful for any woman who is trying to conceive. In order for conception to occur, certain biological processes in both the man and woman’s body must take place at the right time.

Ovulation and Pregnancy

A woman’s menstrual cycle typically contains an average of seven fertile days when she is most likely to get pregnant. Following a surge of luteinizing hormone (LH), ovulation will occur. Women with a 28-day menstrual cycle usually ovulate on day 13-15, but that will vary with longer or shorter cycles. However, since sperm can live up to several days, and an egg up to 24 hours, women can get pregnant from intercourse that occurred either before or after ovulation.

Certain ovulation signs will occur to let you know you are about to ovulate. Your cervical mucus will increase and change to a white, slippery consistency, which creates a healthy environment for sperm to travel. Also, your basal body temperature will rise and you may experience breast tenderness during ovulation.


Sexual intercourse during your fertile days is more likely to result in conception. After ovulation, an egg is released down the fallopian tubes. If intercourse is timed correctly, between 100 and 300 million motile sperm have the potential to fertilize the egg in the fallopian tube. When the sperm penetrates the egg, fertilization occurs, and the resulting zygote already has its complete genetic makeup.


Several days after the egg has been fertilized, implantation will begin. This is the process where the zygote travels to the uterus and attaches itself to the uterine wall, usually seven to 10 days after ovulation.

Once attached to the uterine wall, the fertilized egg and developing placenta will begin to give off hCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin), a hormone that facilitates a stable environment for the egg. Three to four weeks after your last period, your hCG levels should rise high enough to test positively in a pregnancy test.

During implantation, some women may experience a small amount of bleeding or spotting, which is known as implantation bleeding. Also called implantation spotting, this normally occurs a week to a few days before a woman’s period would start. Around one-third of women experience some kind of implantation bleeding, which looks like a discharge with pinkish or brownish blood.

Have you been trying to conceive for several months? If you're experiencing trouble conceiving or suspect an infertility condition, you should consider consulting with a fertility specialist.


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Comments (98)


Hello Dee,

Thank you for your post regarding your concerns. However, avoiding seeing a doctor out of fear of what you will find out is not the best idea. Especially considering the fact that you have been bleeding since March. If you have been bleeding for that long you need to contact your doctor immediately to determine what is going on. I highly recommend that you consult with a Reproductive Endocrinologist (fertility specialist) as well as he or she can determine why you haven't been able to conceive and why your periods have been irregular. It may be a simple fix!

Please consult with your doctor immediately regarding you bleeding and please consider seeing a fertility specialist. Timing plays a huge role in fertility and fertility treatment. Avoiding seeing a doctor will only delay the process and can even affect it in the long term.

Best of luck

I got my period on time but it only lasted 3 days when its always lasted 5 to 6 days it was a normal flow but it ended two days sooner than usual is that a sign i may be pregnant?

Hi Yasmin,

I recommend that you set up an appointment with your Gynecologist to determine whether or not you are in fact pregnant.

Best of luck,

Am 30yrs old I ve been trying to get pregnant I ve done hugs and the result shows blocked Fallopian tube and I ve also done laparoscopy and still not pregnant and I do not know what else to do is my email toks010@

If my conception day say April13,2014 Does that mean I conceive on that day or a couple days later help me out my actually due date is January 4,2015

My doctor told me that's the day I conceive on4/13/2014 I just won't to know did I get pregnant in March or April. Thanks

Hi there,

It depends on how you are measuring this. An app or website is providing you with approximations of when you may have conceived. Your doctor might be able to tell you more accurately, though it is still a guess based on what the doctor might presume about your personal menstrual cycle and all that we know about gestation.

Best of luck!

hell im nikki & im 35 year old my husband work in shiping job im trying last 5 month but im not concive how can i consive baby

Hi Nikki,

It is typically recommended that you try to conceive for 6 months before seeking a fertility evaluation. Have you used ovulation prediction kits? They will help you understand your most fertile time of the month.


I took an ovulation test and a smiley face showed up?? Does this mean I'm pregnant or I can become pregnant very soon???

Hello, if you are taking an ovulation test to determine when you're ovulating the smiley face means that you are ovulating. If you get a smiley face that means that you should mark that day down on your calendar and try to conceive on that day. Ovulation tests detect ovulation, pregnancy tests detect pregnancy.

I'm 24 and my partner is 40 who already has two children to a previous relationship does the age difference affect trying to concieve. I've heard the older men get the lower the sperm count.

Jess, when you are in your 20's you're in your reproductive prime - especially if you have a regular period that comes at the same time each month. Older men tend to have sperm issues but 40 years old isn't too alarming of an age. If you're concerned he should go to a Urologist to get a semen analysis done. When you're under the age of 35 you should be actively trying to conceive for 12 months while tracking your ovulation. I hope this helps!

Can I get pregnant during menstration..if I have sex

Hi Rebecca,

Though unlikely, it is possible to get pregnant if you ovulate late or the bleeding you experience is not actually your period. Good luck!


hello im 28 and me and my boyfriend have been trying for a baby for the past 2 and a half years and still no joy i have got 2 kids and so does he i went to my doctors for advise and all i got off him is wait for another 2 years wel till im 30 then if nothing then they can do some thing but i dont know what else to do my period are really messed up they have been for the past 8 years since me having my daughter they come at diff dates of the month so im dont know if im ovulation is as they they can start on the 30 one month then the 12 the next is there any thing else i can do to help thanks if any one can help

Destiny - In order to conceive you need to have a regular menstrual cycle and since you don't as you know you are unable to track your ovulation. Your period needs to be regulated. You should consult with a fertility specialist to determine the cause of your irregular periods. If you need help finding one in your area please feel free to email me at

Hello - 35 years old isn't really considered "old" reproductively for men unless he has had issues in the past like a surgery or injury. Typically, men in their mid to late 40's and 50+ have issues. As long as you have a regular period and have been tracking your ovulation. However, if you are concerned he can see a Urologist and get a semen analysis done just to make sure there are no male factor issues. If you have any other questions feel free to email me directly at

Hi, I am 23 and my husband is 35 years old. We want to have children but we don't know if it will be difficult. As people say it will be hard for older man to have children and there are possibilities for the children to have disabilities. I was wondering since I am young will this make a difference in those problems?

every month i always have my monthly period but just last month till this April my period stop. i have this cramping feeling. I'm 25 yrs old and I'm married to a British guy who is 59 yrs old that had a vasectomy a long time ago. hope u could help me

Hi Cris,

If your husband had a vasectomy, he will not have sperm in his ejaculate. You should see an OB-GYN to test your hormones, or if you have been trying to conceive for one full year, see a fertility doctor. Give us a call at 1-855-955-BABY (2229) and we will help you find a doctor in your area!


im 23 years old, me and my boyfriend we have been trying to get pregnant for 4 months now but the is no luck,I started my periods on the 13/02/2014,we tried again but im still getting my periods but dis time they started on the 10/03/2014 do u think I have a problem ,my boyfriend has two children in outside our relationship

For many women that don't have infertility, pregnancy isn't happening because they are not timing intercourse properly around ovulation. Start tracking ovulation, and you should be able to determine patterns and the best time for conception. Best, Claire

Hi, I have been trying to get pregnant since 10 months and i very carefully tracks my cycle .. I usually have period either on the 32 or the 33rd day . This has been my cycle from atleast last 6 months.However last month my periods started on the 39th day. Is it a good sign or bad ? Ive heard from a friend that this could be if the fertilization failed at the last few hours and is possibly a good sign . Plz advice

It's hard to say what it means if one month your cycle is longer. Timing sex around ovulation is the best chance of getting pregnant.

I been on birth control for three years and 4 months. Im going on 21 and my fiance is 25. We've been trying to conceive for 3 months and its not happening. My periods are finally becoming regular but, nothing has happened. I eat plenty of green foods and eat lots of fruits as I love vegetables and fruits. My BMI is good. I don't know what were doing wrong. Last month I was so sure I was pregnant but, when I got my period I broke down crying. We both want a baby and it has yet to happen.. Could me not drinking milk have anything to do with conceiving because I HATE milk! ANY TIPS to help us out. Please and Thank you. We are believing the report of the Lord.

Hello guys, I am 19 and I tcc for 9 months already , I Am so desperate that When i see other women pregnant or with baby's in a buggys i I cry . My boyfriend is 22 he has a kid from previous relation ship. I have kidney problems . Please give me any advice on how to get pregnant fast coz I'm really desperate. Thnksssss

Am 23 years of age hv a boyfriend of 3years we hv been trying to get pregnant 4 a long tym but nothing seem to be working even my boyfriend is detmynd to live me coz I can't conceive so plz help me by telling me wht to do.

hi, got my period on 3rd july n last week ws ovulating with little spotting, had unprotected sex 3-4 times during this. But since two days getting a bright red watery discharge only in the morning wen i use the washroom nothing after that through out the day also feeling nausea.. Doctor has askd me to take ovulation improvement pils as can only ovulate thru right tube as had an ectopic miscarriage two yrs ago n left tube ws cut.. Took hme pregnancy test dis morng ws negetive although i kno is early...Want to kno why the bleeding is hapening n cn i take the ovulation improvent pils coz me n husband want to plan 4 baby?? Please reply

I have just received my depo today. And my boyfriend came inside of me. Is there a chance I could get pregnant?

Hi Megan, It depends on how long you have been using the Depo and when the last shot was. It usually takes a few months for the first injection to start working, so you should use backup protection. If you have been on the Depo shot for a while, then you probably wouldn't get pregnant, but you should consult a doctor to be sure. Best, Kim

im 21 years old and i already have a 5 year old with an x ov mine but my new partner who iv been wiv for 4 years just carnt seem to get pregnant we have tryed all sorts of stuff to help to get pregnant but still no look hes given up and im beinging to why am i finding it hard to have a 2nd child is it me or could it be him or could it be that i had a realy big baby and i had alot ov damage to my whom but doctors said every think was fine and also i had a polyop removed from my cervix 2 years ago could this b a problem please help i realy wont to have more children and it hurts me every time i see or hear about people getting pregnant because i carnt many thanks if you could give me some sort ov advice

I'm 18 I've been having sex for 2 years now unprotected even on my ovulation days and I still havnt got pregnant what if I can't have kids ?? Please someone help me out !!

Hi, My wife has undergone 2 laproscopy for removal of cysts, we tried one cycle of IVF did not work...what shall we do..we r already 36 yrs old...we r also exhausted of our savings to go for IVF again...any other way...pls help and suggest..

Hi Kwasi, It would be in her best interest to consult a fertility doctor. The fertility doctor can determine the cause of her irregular cycles and can advise you regarding which fertility treatments (if any) are needed. Please let us know if you are interested in scheduling a consultation with a fertility doctor near you. 1-855-955-BABY (2229) or email Best, Kim

I have been trying to concive for the past four years now,the doctor dignosed me of homonal inbalance and I have been on drugs .what will i to concive

Hi Gracious, Have you been working with a fertility doctor? A fertility doctor will work with you to address the hormone imbalance whether it is thyroid disease, PCOS, or some other condition. You may be prescribed a fertility treatment protocol of fertility drugs or some other, more advanced fertility treatment. Give us a call at 1-855-955-BABY (2229) and we can help you connect with a trusted fertility doctor in your area. Best, Kim

Hi,i have been in a relationship 4 4yrz nw,my boyfriend nd i we hv been tryng 4 a yr to get pregnant bt it doesn't happen and we are desparet please help us how to do it right.

Hi Matingane, I'm sorry you are having trouble trying to conceive. It may be time for you to consult a fertility doctor. Give us a call at 1-855-955-BABY (2229) and we can connect you with a fertility doctor in your area. Best, Kim


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