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Menstrual Cycle

The menstrual cycle is a naturally occurring function in women of reproductive age. The average length of the cycle is 28 days and is comprised of four phases: menstruation, the follicular phase, ovulation, and the luteal phase. Each month, this cycle will result in either pregnancy or menstruation.

During the menstrual cycle, your body undergoes many physiological and hormonal changes. The process begins with your brain triggering certain hormones to stimulate egg growth. Once the egg matures it will release from the ovary and travel through the fallopian tube into the uterus. If the egg is not fertilized by sperm, it will disintegrate and be absorbed. When the egg goes unfertilized, hormone levels will drop causing the lining of the uterus to shed and bleed resulting in a discharge through the vagina. Bleeding (also known as your “period”) will last around 5 days.

Comments (39)

Hi I was on the pill and I was terrible at it. In July I stopped taking the pill about 8th I then started bleeding on the 16th.... well it was actually brown discharge for about 6 days and now I'm waiting for my period but i done a test 3 days ago when i should of came on and it said I wasn't . I've checked my cervix and it high but feels a little hard but soft at the same time .... can anyone help me

Hello Sue,

I'm sorry to hear that you're having concerns regarding your period following being on the birth control pill. I highly recommend that you contact your OB/Gyn to discuss these concerns as he or she can best assist you.


since im born im struggling to see my period and my stomach its always painfully,sometimes I can spend the whole week in bed.pls help

I think you should immediately consult with good gynaecologist, as it is high time that you are suffering from such a pain. Menstruation could be very serious for some women's but it should not be neglected in any case. Try some regular exercises like yoga, early going to walk to avoid menstrual pains. You can also try menstrual cups during menstruation so that you are comfortable and relax during monthly periods check it from

Tinyiko, if you've been having issues with your period you need to consult with your OB/Gyn as soon as possible. The symptoms that you've been experience could be related to a larger issue. Please schedule an appointment with your OB/Gyn as soon as possible so that you can get to the bottom of your painful periods.

I like to get pregnant, i my menses on July 6 when is my ovulation

Hey, am turning 27 years this year and i got married last year in october, i was a virgin the time i got married how long does it take for one to be pregnant we are now five months. help please love you all

If you're trying to get pregnant, timing is everything. It's important to have sex before ovulation. If you don't know when you ovulate, you can pinpoint it by checking your Basal Body Temperature or using an ovulation predictor kit. All the best, Claire

Hello, I'm 23. And really nees help figurimg this out. My period was on August 5 and not again until Septmber 21st. They last about 5 days. Can you please help on when I should be ovulating? Thanks so much!

I am 21 old,since before I disflower dat irregular started ad I av go mny doctor ad gv me some drug bt is d same ad I dnt knw wot nxt to do.Please help me 4 God sake.

Hi im 21 years old im marriet for 2years i have 2 years without seeing my periot an i need a child wat can i do to get mistruation like other woman plz in help

Hi, The best thing for you to do is to consult a fertility doctor. They will be able to assess the reason you are not getting your period and provide treatment options to restore your menstrual cycle. Give us a call at 1-855-955-BABY (2229) or email and we can connect you with a fertility doctor in your area. Best, Kim

I Am jst 21 years old and since d time i am mature i hav been seen it regularly and since i hav operation and then remove filebrod since then i hav not been seeing it and i try many hospital d doctor told me dat i am finepls i am geting married next month pls i nèed ur help

Hi I'm 46 years old and have a regular periods? want to know if possible to get pregnant in my age. I like to get pregnant.

Hi Joy, You will have to consult with a fertility doctor to check your ovarian reserve and make sure all hormone levels and uterine lining are in good shape for an embryo to implant. Give us a call at 1-855-955-BABY (2229) and we can help you connect with a fertility doctor in your area. Best, Kim

my husbands family are strugling to push me out bcos of my inability them a child pls i need help am just 20

Hi sussy, If you have been trying to conceive for more than one year with well-timed intercourse every two days, it might be time to speak with a fertility doctor. Give us a call at 1-855-955-BABY (2229) and we can help! Kim

I have really bad irregular periods, itake medicine aslo please doctor tellme

If you have been trying to get pregnant for one year and you are younger than 35 - or if you are 35 and older and have been trying for six months, you should see a fertility doctor. In addition, if you have any conditions that might make it more difficult for you to have a baby, you should see a fertility doctor. Use this link to find a fertility doctor near you.

can some one tell us when i was fertile to become pregnant if my last period was nov. 15th 2011 and i started again on dec.13, 2011

i try to get peg net but it is difficult.every month my means change exp. month of may date was 19/05/2011. it is change month of June 13/06/2011. i want to know it is fertile problem.Please answerer me.

hi! My total length of menstrual cycle is not consistent. I really had irregular periods. Before, there were times that within 3 months no menstruation happened. How will I know when is the right time to conceive?

im 24 years old and im married been trying to concieve for 2 years..i have irregular periods and to my understanding that can be a main reason why im unable to is april 2011 my last period was sept i able to get pregnant normal? tired of lying to everyone when they ask me if were planning to have answer is always not now maybe in the future but the truth is i been trying for 2 years... :(

Hello there I'm 24 years old and so is my husband... We been married for five years now and we been trying to conceive but so far no luck... My doctor gave me all kind of medication and it didn't work... I have really bad irregular period like if I start my period on February 10 and end on the 25 th than I won't have it til may so I don't know what to do I keep on thinking that it because of my irregular period that's why I'm not pregnant I don't knoe what to do please help me anyone?????

hi im 28 years old i had my first baby at 15 he is 13 now and i would love to have another baby but for some reason it wont happened can u please help me i dont want for my son to be the only child.i been tryin for about 8years now

Hi am 19 i turn 20 this yr ive been living together with my boyfriens since i was 16 been trying since but nothing ive never been on birth control and never had a misscarriege. He has a semen test he came out normal thats all the doctor said..! The doctor tried giving me clomophene or some drug colled something like that i cant remember well it didnt work and i hare really bad and iregular period sometimes i go without a period fot 3months than get a period than next month again than again than might go without it for 5 months its just really bad please i really need help

Hi! I am almost 24 yrs old, I have been married for 4 yrs and i cant seem to get pregnant..My husband loves kids and we want to have a baby but it's just not happening. My periods irregular i dont get it at all. My last period was June 2010. My GYN says i have low progesterone...Please tell me what we can do to help us get pregnant...thank you so much.

hi! im 34 years old, married and my husband and I was trying to have a baby for a long time.My period have being irregular but it last for only 3 days. We have been try for so long time and we want to have a baby it doesnt matter if it is a boy or a girl has long it is healthy. I am very healthy so is my husband. We try everything to get pregnant but nothing work. Please help us to get pregnant. thanks

hi! im 36 years old, married and a mother of 1. my daughter is now 10 years old. we would love to have many children but for some reason i was not able to get pregnant after my daughter was born. i didn't try any contraceptives at all so i dont know what seems to be the problem. We've been trying so hard but nothing works. I just know if mumps can affect the sperm because he suffered from it when my daughter was 3 years old. hope you can help me. thanks

hello im 28 years old i had my first baby at 17 than the second one at 21 im remarried and i would love to have another child my husband has no kids i see how he is with my children from another marriage and he is awesome we really want to have a baby but for some reason we cant we have been trying for 5 years and nothing works pleaSE HELP more thing he is 36 years old and he feels that his time is runing out

Hi im 20 yrs old ive been married for a year and weve been trying to have a baby and nothing :(
plus my period is very irregular i havent got it for 2 months now help please we dont want to give up

hi, i'm 22 years of age married woman,i have this irregular menstruation almost 2 years now,my last period this year was last june 2010,and the more next month i just got spotting.i dont know what causes of this,i really want to have a baby please help me how to do,please tnx,


if you never had sex with a male and u get an artificial insemination could u still get pregnant and have a kid

Yah u will definitely get pregnent,But it depends on the quality of sperm u inject to ur ovule and is it reaching perfectly ,the process through which u r injecting is much more rather to doing sex.So if u can elaborate ur technique i can help u

I have really bad irregular periods, some can b anything from 30 days inbetween others can b up to 50 I dont know wat to do


i am 26 year woman and i try several times to convience but it is really impossible.

my menstrual cycle is irregular.

example: if i start bleeding on 21 sep to 27 sep, next period will not be on the same date. it will be after 27 of the following month.

please i really desire a baby.

help me


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