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When you ovulate, a mature egg is released from the ovary and moves into the fallopian tubes, where it is available to be fertilized. If the egg is not fertilized, the lining of the uterus, which has thickened to prepare for fertilization, will be shed through menstruation.

When Does Ovulation Occur?

Ovulation can occur at different times of a woman’s menstrual cycle, depending on the number of days of the woman’s cycle. The average menstrual cycle
is usually between 28 to 32 days. Women with a 28-day menstrual cycle usually ovulate between days 13 to 15, or about two weeks after the start of her period.

What Happens During Ovulation?

During ovulation, an egg is released from your ovary and is ready to be fertilized. An egg is available for fertilization for only 12 to 24 hours. On the other hand, sperm can live in the body for 3 to 5 days, making most women fertile for around 5 to 7 days. This means you can get pregnant from intercourse that occurred either just before or just after ovulation.

Right before ovulation, you will experience a luteinizing hormone (LH) surge. Your
luteinizing hormone is linked to your ovarian hormone production and egg maturation. Within 24 to 36 hours of your LH surge, your mature egg will be released for fertilization. Your egg will dissolve after around 24 hours if the egg is not fertilized.

Signs of Ovulation

There are several physical ovulation signs that may let you know when you are about to ovulate. Your amount of cervical mucus will increase, and its texture will change to a white, slippery consistency, which is key to creating a healthy environment through which sperm can travel.

Your basal body temperature (BBT) will also rise. Before ovulation, your BBT should be lower. After ovulation, your BBT should increase by around 0.4 degrees Fahrenheit. This increase should be maintained for about 14 days.

Other secondary signs of ovulation, which may not occur consistency in all women, can include light spotting, slight cramping, breast tenderness, abdominal bloating, and increased sex drive.

Read more about ovulation within FertilityAuthority's Ask Dr Fertility resource.

Comments (79)

Hi, I'm 31 and have a son of 7 years old. My husband and I have been married for 11 years. And have been trying to get pregnant for 4 years now with no luck. It is so hard for me that I just want to give up. My periods are very irregular, and I sometimes get them twice a month. I've been to my doc and she say's everything looks fine. I need help, please I don't know what I'm doing wrong. I've tried everything that I could think of and still no luck. Please HELP..

Hi. Try drinking a glass of wheatgrass powder every morning and this will regulate periods and ovulation. Worked a treat for me.

Juliana, I am very sorry to hear that you've been struggling. If you have irregular periods that could certainly be contributing to the fact that you haven't been able to conceive. In order to conceive you need to have a regular period so that you can track your ovulation and try to conceive on those days. If you have an irregular period then you are not ovulating at the same time each month making it impossible to track. I would recommend that you consult with a Reproductive Endocrinologist (fertility specialist) to determine why you are experiencing irregular periods and he or she can assist you on your trying to conceive journey. I am more than happy to help you find a fertility specialist in your area. Please feel free to email me directly at

im trying to get pregnant and keeping track on my menstural cycle had tries according to it but got negative result , may be i did not get my fertile date right , This year my cycle stared on20 th feburary 2014 next on 19 th march 2014 then 0n 14 th april then 13 th may and then 9 th june 2014 and now 5 th july 2014 so according to it i want to know my most fertile day to concive for boy

Hay I'm 18 and I'm enganged. Me and my bf are trying to get pergant for the past 18 months! I have been on birth control and found out I was pergnant but we lost the child. I was on birth control for 2 months and now my period is messed! CAN SOMEONE HELP ME PLEASE!

Destiny - I'm so sorry to hear that you're struggling. If your periods are irregular you need to consult with a gynecologist to discuss regulating your period.

Stephanie, I'm sorry to hear that you're struggling. If you're having concerns I recommend you set up a consultation with a fertility specialist to discuss your history and treatment options. If you need help finding a specialist in your area you can email me directly at

okay I started my period when I was 14 and whenever I was 17 they became irreglur and ive been trying to have a baby and still hasent happened yet but my doctor told me I could have kids when I was 17 my overies looks good ive been on some meds for fertily meds but nothings helps but sometimes I feel pregnant what should I do

My last cycle I had a + opk, ewcm, and had intercourse 3 days prior to + opk and the day of. I didn't have my normal ovulation pain like I usually do and ended up not being pregnant. This cycle I had all the same things. Ovulated on cd 13 and DID have ovulation pains like normal this cycle. I'm now 9 dpo, but not having any uterine cramps like I've had in my last pregnancy. Does the lack of cramps mean I did not conceive?? I'm 40 yrs old, so I know my chances are slim of conceiving. I have a normal cycle & normal luteal phase.

Pls I had a surgery when I was 8yrs old,but waited to have my period when I grew up but it wasn't forth coming,I am now 28yrs old and there's no sign of menstruation and I don't even know if am ovulating as well,av had sex severally to see if I can get pregnant but nothing,please what do I do?

Hi Sandra,

Unfortunately, if you are not getting a period, you are not ovulating. You should consult a fertility doctor for a hormone evaluation. Please give us a call at 1-855-955-BABY (2229) and we can recommend a doctor in your area.


I have intercourse from 4-7 of april. My ovulation happened April 7. I was high fertile from 4-6 of april 2014. I'm wondering why I'm bleeding after 7 days of my ovulation seems like I'm having a period. The blood is dark red color? Me and my partner trying to conceive baby. Please any one knows about my situation or experience it? Thanks any comment ,suggestions and opinions really appreciate it.

Hi Maricel,

Did you use an ovulation prediction kit or chart your basal body temperature to know for sure when you are ovulating? It sounds like you have your period now. You should consult your doctor for a hormone evaluation.

Good luck,

I had got married n 2011 to a wounderful man I'm 34 n he now 39 he have 6 kids of his own with his baby mama dis is our first time bein married none of my kids is by him we have been togethere 4 yr this april 8 will make us been married for 3 yr we been trying to have a baby for a long while now I had try fertlile tea been taking some prental pill but anyway why I'm not getting pregnate can someone help me please Ireally want other child a child is god gift

If you have not been tracking your ovulation, you should be - to make sure you're having sex at the best time to get pregnant. But if you've been trying to get pregnant for more than one year, you really should see a reproductive endocrinologist, who can help determine why you're not getting pregnant. Best, Claire

Hi my name is crystal , I'm 25 yrs old in been Diagnosed with pcos ,high Cholesterol and diabetes. my fiancé and I have been trying for 5 yrs in not once have I gotten pregnant! I loss weight started eating healthy but still nothing. Im on metforim , glubribe and Lipitor. My period comes different every month. Last month it came January 9 was my last period now its feb the 17th in i still didn't get my period so I'm 8days late. so idk if I could be pregnant or if I'm getting symptoms of a cyst busting or period....please I need another Opinion until I go back to my gyn dr.

If you are having pain or cramping and you are concerned, you should talk to your doctor. We can't provide medical advice. It sounds like you are taking good, positive steps to get your PCOS under control. There are fertility doctors who specialize in treating PCOS. If you'd like more information, please let me know. Best, Claire

Hello I have a 8yr old son been married for 3 yrs and been with my hubby for 71/2 yrs,been trying to get pregnant bit found out that my eggs don't release, I'm a praying woman and my husband doesn't have any kids of his own but takes great care of the one I have. Sometimes I wonder what's the problem but its been 8 yrs now and we have been trying. Can u give me some insight or could it be him. He has been having pains in his testicles but everytime we go to the doc they say he's fine but its affecting his man hood, I believe that his blood flow is not passing threw. I need your help. Thanks

Hi, I haven't have my period in over 4 years, I am currently 22. My doctor have me birth control pills but once I stop taking them, I don't have my period anymore. I recently got married and we are trying to have a child. Is it possible for me to have a child? Are my eggs still there ? can I conceive ? I stopped taking the pill. It's been over 4 years since I last taken it. I am over weight. I weight 225. I am 5'6. Please help. I hope I can get pregnant with no problem. I have also taken 2 pregnancy test post said negative. I thought I was pregnant about last month. We are had sex everyday for a whole month straight. Now we stopped. We're waiting to see what happens.

If you are trying to get pregnant and are not getting your period you should see a fertility doctor for a consultation. A fertility doctor will review your medical history, and run some tests to determine if you are ovulating and why you are not conceiving. Our Patient Care Advocates can help you find a doctor in your area. Our service is free. Call or email 855-955-2229 or I wish you all the best. Claire

If you are concerned about your period, you should talk with your gynecologist. I would also recommend starting to chart your ovulation, either with a Basal Body Thermometer or an ovulation predictor kit. If you have been trying to get pregnant for one year, of if you find you are not ovulating regularly, you should see a fertility doctor. Wecan help you find someone in your area - let me know if you would like help with that. Best, Jennifer

This happened to me last month as well as this month. I got my period on October 14-20. Yesterday I noticed I was starting to spot, and today it was a little more but still a light red. Me and my husband are trying to get pregnant so I am wondering Does this mess up my ovulation? Why is this happening? Thank you!

Hi, my names sarah I am 20 years old nearly 21 and I have been trying to concieve with my partner for 2 years now never been on contraception with my partner and still haven't concieved, I have been to the doctors and had some tests done, and they did an ultra sound which came back as all clear and healthy but my blood tests showed that I have low oestrogen and that I don't ovulate every month, my periods used to be regular but now o can go 2 months before I have another period and I have started a week early twice now, is there anything that could help me! Thank you for reading x

I'm sorry you are having a hard time getting pregnant. If you are not ovulating regularly, you really should see an infertility specialist - a reproductive endocrinologist who can determine what's causing this and offer a treatment plan. Please call one of our Patient Care Advocates at 855-955-2229 or email us at so we can help you find a doctor in your area. Best, Claire

I an my partner have been trying to conceive for a year n everthing has been proving abortive, i usually have irrugular mentral cycle and no signs of ovulation what would be the problem pls help me because am loosing control of myself

If you are not menstruating or ovulating regularly, you really should see an infertility specialist - a reproductive endocrinologist. Please call one of our Patient Care Advocates at 855-955-2229 or email us at so we can help you find someone in your area. Best, Claire

An irregular period can be caused by a number of things. I would suggest taking with your gynecologist. Best, Claire

hii! iam 19 yr old and last month i miss my periods and still not get down this month and i even had ultra sound but the reports were normal. now iam scared. Is there's anything to worry about or its normal

Ive been under my specialist just gone 4 months. Ive been told I ovulate on my period. 2 weeks after I was told this I found out I was pregnant shocked isn't the word right now. Ive been trying for 3 years since I lost my son to s.i d's. Me and my partner did have sex mid way through my period. I didn't think it was possible to get pregnant on a period. Has this ever happened to anyone else and if so how was your pregnancy?

Normally when I ovulate one of my ovaries gets sore but this month I never felt the soreness from either of my ovaries does that mean I didn't ovulate?

Hi Shan, Very few women actually experience ovulation pain each month. The best ways to track ovulation are by charting basal body temperature (BBT) or using ovulation prediction kits (OPKs) though you will have to do so beginning next cycle if your ovulation window has passed. Best, Kim

For all you ladies having trouble conceiving, & had tried every possiblething, get your thyroids checked!!!! ♥♡

i am 19 year old girl n get period aftr every 8 days from last month n there is no pain wat is the reason behind this is dat curable ? please help i m in very severe tension

Hi Travesia, It could take up to one year for a woman under the age of 35 to conceive. If you have been trying to conceive for one year and are unsuccessful, you should consult a fertility doctor. Give us a call at 1-855-955-BABY (2229) or email Best, Kim

My husband and I have been trying to become pregnant for over 5 years now. I went to the doctor and was given blood work. I was told I have PCOS and that I was not ovulating. I am over weight so he thought it could be because of that. He put me on some pills to help me loose weight but I want to get pregnant not just loose weight..... What do I need to do? I really want children. Please help me!

Hi Jennifer, By losing the weight, you may restore ovulation and get pregnant naturally. I have PCOS as well. I understand how frustrating it can be, but try to make some changes to diet and exercise and see if it helps to kick start your cycle. Good luck! Kim

Hi im 21 I got mareied like 2years ago I was 18 at that time I was allaredy pregant at that tome in aug.27.11 I had my son n sean they i got pregant 2 times me but I lost them I havent got my period sena they can I stell get pregant??

I've been having unprotected sex nearly every night for the last 8 weeks every night and I have got 3 periods this month kind of light the first day like pink water then goes heavy for a day then stops can anyone help me could I be pregnant

pls i have been trying to get pregnant for a year now,i saw my period on d 23/5/2013 and my menstral cycle is 29 days,i felt my fertile day but my ovulation did nt hook me,we had sex on d 14 and 15th day.can i still be pregnat?

Hi Adanne, If you have been trying to conceive for one year, it may be time to consult a fertility doctor. There could be some other female factor infertility or even male factor infertility. Give us a call at 1-855-955-BABY (2229) or email and we can help you connect with a fertility doctor near you. Best, Kim

My fertile days was on the 31 of march to april 5 my ovulating date was april 3 ive been havin alot of symptoms i could b 3weeks pregnant but not sure my husband cumed in me more than once is it possible

Hi ladies just wonted to share. Me sn my bf just got it aproved monday tht I am pregnet. All alone on my own I found out my ovulation day from the ovulation kit an it took as little as a couple weeks for me to concieve. I miscarried in dec.2012, was so upset an stressed afterwards, because of yhe miscarrage an wht caused it. Anyway we tried 2 months with nothing but neg. test after neg test. In march I started to do my reseach an found out t ht detecting my ovulation would do the trick. Got my period mar.14, went off mar.19 ovulated the25th, when im gettin my period I only cramp a lil the night befor it actually come. But I cramped from the 1st of apr. to the 5th an wasnt due for my period till the 11th tested on the 2nd to get a neg. But I knew something was going on inside, I would get pinch like cramps in my sides abdominal pain on an off back pain, feeling like I would faint. The urge to throw up. Yeah all this in so little time. I knew tht neg test was wrong because I know my body. Test agsin on the 6th to get my faint pink line. Preggo. Went to the hospital mon. Whete the did a urine test sn said I wasnt. They had to argue me down cause I had taken 3 DIFFERENT test yes I was stocked up with them all brands. I then asked for the blood test which is def. Goin to show the right results. After waitn 3 LONG HOURS there it was. Doc came up an asked did you know you were pregnet. I said yes I told them I was they told me I wasn't. Yeah he replyed its so early our urine test didnt detected it. The also had givin me 2 ultra sounds one regular an vaginal was the other, to make sure I wasnt pregnet in any other organs. He explained to me tht tht may have been a reason y it wasnt showing in there urine test an the fact tht its extremely to early to even tell. But I knew. I think its weird tho home test show as earlier than the test at the doc. Im a happi 23Yr old an blessed.

Hi i found out I had an ovarian cyst in September and with with out a period for 7months! When I did get it in March 2013 it was intense I never had a period like this before! I am wondering if now I can try to conceive or should I wait it out!

Hi Brenda, You might benefit from a consultation with a fertility doctor. They can screen for the presence of cysts, determine if it is releasing hormones that would interfere with getting pregnant, and either give you birth control to dissolve the cyst before trying to conceive, or remove it via laparoscopy. Give us a call at 1-855-955-BABY (2229) and we can help you connect with a fertility doctor in your area. Best of luck! Kim

I went to the Dr. because I was having serious pain in my right side. Based on my calendar I should've ovulated about 5 days prior to the pain. We've been trying to conceive (have 2 children right now) and haven't been successful. I went to the Dr. and they did a vaginal ultrasound and said that they see spots in my ovary which indicates to them I had cysts in there so that means I'm ovulating. But he also said that means I'm not pregnant because the cysts are disappearing and if I were pregnant he would still be able to see a cyst. I'm a little confused because I've read where the cyst rupture during ovulation to release the eggs but you can get pregnant after ovulation (within a certain time span). We were actively trying the days prior to and after my ovulation date (at least the day we thought it could possibly be). With that being said, we were active 2 days before I went to the dr. And I've read that it takes 7-10 days for implantation to occur. Would my dr. be able to tell that I'm not pregnant this month since we were active just a few days prior to my visit/ultrasound?

Hi Melissa, It depends on what you mean by cysts. The follicles from which our eggs ovulate are considered small cysts. If you had intense pain, it could have been a follicle that did not ovulate and developed into a cyst. After a follicle ovulates an egg, it become a corpus luteum which releases hormones to sustain a pregnancy. In order to determine if you are pregnant, you would have to know when you ovulated and take a pregnancy test approximately 2 weeks after. Good luck! Kim

Hi there, im a 19 year old girl, in 2012 i only went on my periods 4 times. I stopd being on my periods october 2012, now its february 2013, stil no periods, is this normal?? What might be the cause of this? Please help

Hi Philicia, You could have a condition called Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) which causes irregular menstrual cycles as a result of a hormone imbalance. You can talk to your OB-GYN about testing for PCOS. Best, Kim

i'm a 22 year old married young woman i've had 2 miscarrages and ever since then we've being trying 2 fall pregnant bt no luck.....when i went 2 see my dr she told me i dont release an egg every month and i told her i have my periods every month on on the same day(every 24 day)its a regular cycle......i need help .....please


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